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更新时间:2010-2-22:  来源:毕业论文

    1.look at…看…,look like … 看上去像……,
       look after …照料…
    2.listen to…听……
    3.welcome to…欢迎到……
    4.say hello to …向……问好
    5.speak to…对……说话
This is my new bike. Please look it after.(×)
This is my new bike. Please look after it.(√)
     1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下  3.write down记下
First listen to the tape, then write down the answer/write the answer down. (√)
First listen to the answer, then write down it.(×)
First listen to the answer, then write it down.(√)
    1.come on赶快  2.get up起床  3.go home回家  4.come in进来  5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立
1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games
    1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。如:in English,in the hat
    2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。
    3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。
    4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。
5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。如:There are some birds in the tree. There are many apples on the trees.
6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。如:There’re four windows in the wall, and there is a map on the back wall.
7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。
8.at + 时刻表示钟点。如:at six, at half , past ten.
9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。
10.of短语表示所属关系。如:a picture of a classroom, a map of China.
11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。如:beside/ near the door, under/ behind the tree.
12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。如:from one to ten, (go) to school/ bed/ work.
另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。
1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don’t think…,如:I think he is Mr Zhinag. (L17)I don’t think you are right.
2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb. 如:
His parents give him a nice purse./His parents give a nice purse to him. Give it to Mr Hu.(L57)
3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。如:
Please take the new books to the classroom.
4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。如:One is red and one is grey.(L50)或 One is red,, the other is grey.
5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don’t let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,如:Let’s go for a walk./Let us try once more, please.
6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换。如:Let me help you find it.(L42)/Let me help you with it.
7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。如:What/How playing chess?
8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。如:It’s time to have supper. =It’s time for supper.
9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”,如:Li Lei and his friends like to play in the tree house. (L 43)前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作,试比较:
Tom likes swimming, but doesn’t like to swim this afternoon.
10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,如:
Ask your friends to guess what is in it. (L44)
11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。如:
Show your friend your family photo.(L36)/Show your family photo to your friend. 
12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。如:Introduce your family to her.
1.kinds of 各种各样的
2. either…or…或者…或者…,不是…就是…
3. neither…nor…既不……也不……
4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶
5. take a seat 就坐
6. home cooking 家常做法
7. be famous for 因……而著名
8. on ones way to在……途中
9. be sick/ill in hospital生病住院
10. at the end of在……的尽头,在……的末尾
11. wait for 等待
12. in time 及时
13. make one’s way to…往……(艰难地)走去
14. just then 正在那时
15. first of all 首先,第一
16. go wrong 走错路
17. be/get lost 迷路
18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗
19. get on 上车
20. get off 下车
21. stand in line 站队
22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室
23. at the head of……在……的前头
24. laugh at 嘲笑
25. throw about 乱丢,抛散
26. in fact 实际上
27. at midnight 在半夜
28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快
29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架
30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温
31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛
32. have a headache 头痛
33. as soon as… 一……就……
34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事
35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事
36. fall asleep 入睡
37. again and again再三地,反复地
38. wake up 醒来,叫醒
39. instead of 代替
40. look over 检查
41. take exercise运动
42. had better(not) do sth.   最好(不要)干某事
43. at the weekend 在周末
44. on time 按时
45. out of从……向外
46. all by oneself 独立,单独
47. lots of=a lot of 许多
48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再
49. get back 回来,取回
50. sooner or later迟早
51. run away 逃跑
52. eat up 吃光,吃完
53. run after 追赶
54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物
55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well)
56. think of 考虑到,想起
57. keep a diary 坚持写日记
58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下
59. harder and harder 越来越厉害
60. turn on打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等)
61. turn off 关
1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语.
适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。例如:
He likes playing basketball, and so do I.
Kate can’t speak Chinese, and I neither/ nor can Jim.
一Basketball is very popular game in America.
一So it is.的确如此。
2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing.
这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。”相当于Take the first /second/…turning on the
一Can you tell me the way to the nearest post office?
一Walk along this road,and turn left at the third crossing.
3.It takes sb.some time to do sth.
It took me half an hour to finish the hard work.完成这项艰巨的工作花了我半个小时。
4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth.
I found it important to learn English well.
5.What’s wrong with…?
此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么毛病了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为
-What’s wrong with your bike?你的自行车出什么毛病了?
一It’s broken.它坏了。
-What’s wrong with you?你怎么了?
一I have a pain in my head.我头痛。
He is so young to go to school.(改为简单句)
→He is too young to go to school.
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换。例如:
This maths problem was so easy that we could work it out. (改为简单句)
→This maths problem was easy enough for us to work out.
7.Sorry to hear that.
全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过(遗憾)。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。例如:
—My mother is ill, so I have to look after her at home.
—Sorry to hear that.
1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。
[用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。
[搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do.
[比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。
1) I used to read in bed.
2)Did he use to work into the night? 或 Used he to work into the night?
3)I am used to getting up early.
4)Knives are used to cut things.
2.…return it sooner or later.
l)sooner or later意为“迟早”、“早晚”。
2)return此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于give back.
[拓展]return还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于go back或come back。
l)He will find his shortcoming sooner or later.
2)When will you return to your hometown? 什么时候回老家?
nbsp;3)I have returned the book to the library. 我已经把书还给图书馆了。
3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气……
[用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。
[拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有:
no matter when无论什么时候
nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where无论什么地方
no matter who无论谁
no matter how 无论怎么样
l)No matter what he does,nbsp; he always tries to do it well.
2)No matter what happens, I will take your side.
3)No matter who gives a talk, we shall listen carefully.
4)No matter how he goes to work, he is never late.
4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green. 一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。
[用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。
[拓展]practice名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice实行某计划。
l)The boy practised making a new sound. 那男孩练习发出新的声音。
2)She practised the piano two hours every day.
3)We have laid the plan and now we must put it into practice. 我们已经制订出计划,现在必须实施。
5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。
3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。
1)encourage sb. in sth.
nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.
2)protect sh. from sth.
1)My parents encourage me in my studies.
2)The school encouraged the students to practise using the computers.
3)Will you take part in the English contest?
4)The vegetables were well protected from the cold.
6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。
[用法] warn用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。
1)warn sb.+ that从句
nbsp;nbsp;2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事
3)warn sb. to do sth.
4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.
1)I warned him that snakes were dangerous. 我警告他,蛇很危险。
2)We are trying to warn children the dangers of smoking.
3)Dr Synes warned me to give up my drinking.
Synes 大夫劝我戒酒。
4)The notice warned people against swimming in the pool.

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