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海洋环境立法研究-以漏油事件为视角

更新时间:2011-11-3:  来源:毕业论文

Legislation on the Marine Environment - A Perspective of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill ABSTRACT
Marine environmental law is an indispensable part of the international part of China's marine environmental legislation and compliance with reference to "international maritime conventions, " the marine environment for the domestic legislation, China-related legislation, including the marine environment, "Maritime Law "" Marine Environmental Protection Law. "In just the last oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico near the U.S. we see an example in dealing with this area. Similarly, in July 2009 there have been Zhuhai around us "flying sand" oil spill incident and the July 2010 oil spill occurred in Dalian. Treatment in the United States to track the oil spill, compared to China's handling of two cases of oil spill that occurred in China program, summed up the advantages of American law and Chinese law in among the deficiencies. Practice in the case and concluded that the Chinese need to improve marine environmental legislation place, especially in terms of liability and compensation. The marine environment in order to standardize the Chinese Legislation.  Fairness and dignity to uphold the law.
Key words:Attribution of responsibility  System of compensation  Functions of government  Protection and reaction mechanism  Oil Pollution Fund
目  录毕业论文http://www.lwfree.cn/
摘    要 I
ABSTRACT II
1  引  言 1原文请+QQ3249,114六.维^论,文'网
2  美国墨西哥湾漏油事件所涉及的环境立法 2
2.1墨西哥湾漏油事件背后的相关环境立法 2
2.2美国《石油污染法》 2
2.2.1油污责任归属 2
2.2.2赔偿问题 3
2.2.3预防和反应机制 3
2.2.4美国环境部门的独立性 4
3  中国海洋污染实践及其相关立法 5
3.1飞沙滩燃油泄漏事件 5
3.1.1飞沙滩燃油泄漏的处理 5
3.1.2飞沙滩燃油泄漏事件的法律适用 5
3.2大连“7.16”输油管道爆炸事件的处理以及涉及相关法律 6
3.2.1中国的反应速度与质量 6
3.2.2责任归属 6
3.2.3赔偿制度 7
4  两国法律的不同规定决定两国不同的处理方式 8
4.1责任原则 8
4.2赔偿原则 8
4.3 海洋污染事件的救济途径 9
4.4 海洋污染事件的预防与反应 10
5  由美国墨西哥湾的相关处理、法律机制看中国的不足 11
5.1首要责任的确定 11
5.2赔偿与现实情况还有政府职能的关系 11
5.3预防与反应机制相对落后 13
5.4小结 13
6  我国相关海洋立法完善的建议 15
6.1责任归属的参考法律及理由 15
6.2赔偿金额限定与赔偿制度的参考价值 15
6.3预防与反应机制的改进与发展 16
7结  语 17参考文献 18谢    辞 19,2134

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