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试析中小学课业负担过重的原因

更新时间:2010-1-17:  来源:毕业论文

试析中小学课业负担过重的原因
The contents summary:the primary and junior high school lessons burden is overweight to have already become to affect the teenager the healthy growth open the exhibition with education for all-round development smoothly mainObstacle, caused the extensive concern of the society, though national education administration section descend delivered several ten documents," heavy burden" is still, forbiding often not only, even deliver more serious, for the sake of the overall implement education for all-round development, make healthy growth of teenager," reduce negative" must grasp a result.The reason that causes the primary and junior high school lessons burden overweigh is various, there is school, teacher of, parent of, society of, in fine can is divided into the reason of the history and the reason of the actuality, this text is from these two the generous noodles carried on the analysis, Chinese traditional culture and educational special features composing the main aspect of the reason of history, namely:Value educational social political function and the basic education  value mindset of the utility color of studyings.But in realistic reason, the absurdity of the personnel system becomes the parent and teachers toward what student bring pressure emollient to borrow;, The family becomes the student to increase the negative important place, it is student the lessons burden aggravate of motive source and direct source, and became student's mental state to increase negative important source;High test conductor's baton BE also result in this phenomenon of important reason, an acceptance  score line stopped the teacher's throat, also taking out to beat the student;The slippery 坡 of the occupation morals of teacher make it the mental acceptance ability of the regardless of student and the healthy body of the student, pass to increase student's lessons to make up the shortage on oneself's teaching, this makes some teachers unilateral to emphasize the result but threw to lose the teacher's original intention then;Lack the emollient direct mechanism, foster the teacher and don't go to the character of raise the oneself, don't go to the science skill of raise the teaching, but measures this to breach the method of science in brief to raise the deceitful examination score of student with the enlargement homework, is not science ground passes to raise student's character, raise the teaching result, but use and should try the educational way leading the student copes with the examination with the speculation prosperity method.These reasons resulted in the primary and junior high school lessons burden overweigh on, certainly this is not all, it various, multilayers of, so say that resolve this problem also is not at that time a moment and can complete of, we only recognize the pure reason, prescribe medicine for specific ailment, then can resolve by the root and thoroughly.
Keyword: primary and junior high school;Lessons;Burden;Reason
中文摘要

中小学课业负担过重已经成为影响青少年健康成长和素质教育顺利开展的主要障碍,引起了社会的广泛关注,尽管国家教育行政部门下发了几十个文件,但“重负”依旧,屡禁不止,甚至愈发严重起来,为了全面的实施素质教育,使青少年健康成长,“减负”必须抓出成效。导致中小学课业负担过重的原因是多方面的,有学校的,教师的,家长的,社会的,总之都可分为历史的原因和现实的原因,本文从这两大方面进行分析,中国传统文化与教育的特色构成了历史原因的主要方面,即:重视教育的社会政治功能和读书的功利色彩的基本教育价值取向。而在现实原因中,人事制度的不合理成为家长和教师向学生施加压力的有力借口;,家庭成为了学生增负的重要场所,更是学生课业负担加重的动力来源和直接来源,并且成为了学生心理增负的重要来源;高考指挥棒更是造成这一现象的重要原因,一条录取分数线勒住了教师的喉咙,也抽打着学生;教师职业道德的滑坡使其不顾学生的心理承受能力和学生的身体健康,通过增加学生课业来弥补自己教学上的不足,这便使有些教师片面强调成绩而丢失了教师的初衷;缺乏有力的监督机制,助长了教师不去提高自己的素质,不去提高教学的科学本领,而是用加大作业量这一简单的违反科学的方法来提高学生虚假的考试分数,不是科学地通过提高学生素质,提高教学效果,而是用应试教育的方式指导学生用投机繁荣方法应付考试。综上这些原因造成了中小学课业负担过重,当然这不是全部的,它是多方面,多层次的,所以说解决这一问题也不是一时一刻就能完成的,我们只有认清原因,对症下药,才能从根本上彻底解决。

关键词:  中小学;课业;负担;原因637

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