# A-B效应与A-C效应关系(对偶效应)

A-B效应与A-C效应关系(对偶效应) 摘  要：A-B效应和A-C效应，也就是电磁Aharonov-Bohm效应，是一种很奇异的量子效应。A-B效应与A-C效应表明：在电磁势的作用下，两束相干粒子的干涉条纹发生了移动，它们的相位发生了改变。它说明了描述电磁场的基本物理量应为规范条件约束下的电磁势(,)，而不是场量()。本文计算出了A-B效应与A-C效应中相位的改变量，得出了A-B效应与A-C效应的对偶关系。

The A-B Effect and the A-C Effect
Abstract: The A-B effect and the A-C effect is the electromagnetic of the Aharonov-Bohm effects, which is a strange quantum effect. The A-B effect and the A-C effect show that under the action of electromagnetic potential, the interference fringes of two beams of coherent particle moves, and the phase of them changes. Which demonstrates the basic physical describing electromagnetic field shall be the electromagnetic potentials (,) under the standard conditions, instead of quantity (). This paper also calculates the A-B effect’s and the A-C effect’s phase change, which obtains the dual relationship of the A-B effect and the A-C effect.
Key Words: The A-B effect; The A-C effect; The electromagnetic potential (,); The dual effect

1.A-B效应 2
1.1A-B效应的猜想 2
1.2A-B效应的实验装置 2
1.3A-B效应的合理解释 3
1.4A-B效应中相位的改变 3
2.A-C效应 7
2.1A-C效应的猜想 7
2.2A-C效应的实验装置 7
2.3A-C效应的合理解释 8
2.4A-C效应中相位的改变 8
3.A-B效应与A-C效应的关系 9
4.结束语 10

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