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近代英语的简洁简化

更新时间:2010-10-26:  来源:毕业论文

近代英语的简洁简化
1  Introduction Modern English is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, completed in roughly 1550.Despite some differences in vocabulary, texts from the early 17th century, such as the works of William Shakespeare and the King James Bible, are considered to be in Modern English, or more specifically, are referred to as using Early Modern English or Elizabethan English.William Shakespeare once said in his world famous tragedy Hamlet that ' Brevity is the soul of wit '.Many contemporary wordsmiths are strong advocates of the employment of plain English, insisting that the succinct conveyance of what may be subtle or sophisicated can not be too highly recommended. It is not hard to find that brevity and simplification is law of development shared by all languages.In today's world, brevity is everywhere from oral English to written work. Brevity of a language not only consists in saving words,but in the expression form of an art.
现代英语的简洁摘  要
随着社会的发展,竞争日趋激烈,人们的生活节奏不断加快。语言作为人们交流思想传递信息的工具,为适应高效率的生活方式也出现了不断简化的趋势。同世界上任何一个语言一样,英语经历了漫长的,不断发展变化的历史过程,分析和研究英语的历史,不难发现,近代英语具有一个明显的特征:简洁表达。避繁趋简是语言公有的固有属性及发展规律。英语相对汉语而言有其独到的简洁性,文章从语音,词汇,句法结构,以及新闻英语,商务英语,,广告英语等注重简洁的特殊文体几个角度,就其表达的简洁予以分析。
   关键词:近代英语 简洁 简化六-维^论,文.网http://www.lwfree.cn
On the Brevity of Modern English
ABSTRACT    In this ever-increasing competitive society , life today moves much faster than ever before. As an important tool by means of which people communicate, and exchange ideas and information with one other, languages as well show a trend towards simplification and brevity so as to adapt themselves to the fast pace of modern life. 'To take the simple and less complicated way ' has become the build-in attribute as well as law of development shared by all languages.Modern English is a typical example as such.This essay looks into and analyses the brevity of modern English from several aspects.Peculiar writing styles like Business English ,advertising English,and English of Journalism, and pronunciation, vocabulary, grammatical structure will be discussed.Keyword : modern English brevity simplification
CONTENTS
ABSTRACT I
摘  要 II
1  Introduction 1
2. The brevity of English 2
2.1 In the field of Journalism English 2
2.1.1 Omission 2
2.1.1.1 Omitting the article 2
2.1.1.2 Omitting the preposition 3
2.1.1.3 Omitting the linking verbs and auxiliary verb  4
2.1.1.4 Replacing the conjunctions with a comma 4
2.1.1.5 Using elliptical sentences 4
2.1.2 Abbreviation 5
2.1.2.1 Using premodification 5
2.1.2.2 Using participial phrases 6
2.1.2.3 Using blending words,acronyms,curtailed words 6
2.1.2.4 Conversion 7
2.1.2.5 Using idioms, proverbs 8
2.1.2.6 Creatively using adverbs 8
2.2 In the field of Advertising English 8
2.2.1 Use of a lot of monosyllables 9
2.2.2 Use of a lot of elliptical sentences 9
2.2.3 Use of a lot of juxtaposition of phrases 9
2.2.4 Use of a lot of nonce-words 10
2.2. 5 Use of a lot of sentences where subjects are omitted 10
2.2. 6 Use of a lot of heading statement 11
2.2.7 Use of sentence fragments 11
2.3 In the field of Business English 11
2.3.1 Use of short and simple words 11
2.3.2 Use a lot of colloquial expression forms 12
2.4 Summary 13
3 Linguistics Aspects 14
3.1 In the field of pronunciation 14
3.2 In the field of intonation 14
3.2.1 Stress 14
3.2.2 Sound intensity 14
3.2.3 Pitch 15
3.2.4 Range 15
3.3 In the field of vocabulary 15
3.3.1 Affix 15
3.3.1.1 Prefix 15
3.3.1.2 Suffix 16
3.3.2 Composite words 17
3.3.3 Clipped words 17
3.3.4 Abbreviation 18
3.3.5 Blends 18
3.5 Elliptical sentences 19
3.6 Using  abridged subordinate clause 20
3.7 Through changing sentence patterns 20
4  Conclusion 21
References 22
Acknowledgements ,1611

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