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经济全球化英语论文-本质+对文化的影响

更新时间:2010-11-1:  来源:毕业论文

经济全球化英语论文-本质+对文化的影响
The Impact of Economic Globalization on World Culture
 The Current Situation
 Facing the economic globalization which is an irreversible tide of the world, no matter they are developed or developing countries, they must be involved in this process; otherwise, they will lose their living space or fail to catch up with the trend of the times. A certain culture is always based on a certain level of economy. Globalization is bound to have profound effects on global culture, bringing big changes to all kinds of cultures. According to the specific trend of the global culture, there are three points of view in the current domestic and international academic circle. The first one is they recognize and accept the cultural globalization; the second one is they think the global culture will be in diversity; the third one is they think the global culture will be a diversified integration. People who hold the view of global culture think that globalization is comprehensive, so if we only acknowledge the economic globalization and exclude the cultural globalization, it will violate the basic logic. They emphasize the influence of economic on the culture; therefore, the economic globalization would form a universal culture. While other people who argue that the global culture will be in culture, and it will form a real cultural globalization. Apparently, they both have their one-sidedness and their rationality, so there come to the third view that the global culture will be a diversified integration. However, they do not tell us exactly which side of integration trend will be strengthened or which side of diversity trend will be strengthened. In this way, the so-called “diversified integration” will lose its meaning on building the real culture.
In order to accurately determine the impact of economic globalization on the global cultural trends, it is necessary for us to analyze the way of the impact of economic globalization on the global culture.
 The Production and Consumption of Goods and Services
A case in point is that "McDonald's culture" spread around the world as tens of thousands of McDonald stores open to everywhere. For the Chinese, they consider "McDonald's"and "KFC" more as a symbol of American culture than a symbol of fast food. Instead of filling their stomach, people who enter into the stores just want to feel a bit of “American atmosphere”. There are 28,000 McDonald's retails in the world from 120 counties. In the year of 2000, the overall volume of sale arrived $ 40 billion, while 60﹪of the total income came from the overseas business. Professor Dorfma, an American scholar, said, “Coca-Cola is not a simple matter, which is supported by the superstructure.” In addition to material commodities, the circulations of cultural products in the world more directly contribute to the development of the global culture. For example, Reader's Digest of the USA circulates in more than 100 countries with 19 languages and 48 kinds of international versions, while “SCI”, “SSCI”, “EI” have become an important standard for judging academic, scientific, and technological achievements.
 The Turnover of the Staff
    Under the situation of economic globalization, the talent flow will become more frequent and extensive, mainly illustrated by the flow from developing to developed countries. According to statistics, 1,200 million people from developing countries 原文请找腾讯752018766,六-维^论,文.网
http://www.lwfree.cn Africa university students are working in developed countries; Chinese people account for nearly one-third of the 20 thousand engineers and technicians working in the Silicon Valley of United States; Since 1985, 82﹪ of the graduates from Qing Hua University who study the high technology immigrated the United States, while the figure was up to 76﹪ in Beijing University. At the same time, as the capital flow from developed countries into developing countries, a large number of staff also moves into the developing countries and some developed countries even send some staff to dedicate in the cultural dissemination, such as the “The Peace Corps” and some other cultural and assistance activities held by the United States. They send their teachers, missionaries, doctors abroad in order to do some volunteer activities. The flowing staffs actually are the carrier of their local cultures, who exchange their culture with the local people.
 The Strategy of the Developed Countries to the Developing Countries
    The health economic globalization calls for the respect for different cultures and values, strengthening exchanges and dialogue rather than one culture eating up another one. Now the problem is some developed countries try to impose their cultures and values on other counties, attempting to put the developing countries in a subordinate status. An American sociologist once said, The spread of American popular culture has long been a series of efforts that people want to achieve the world's reunification. It has replaced the Latin pushed by the Roman Empire and Christianity.
    Based on the analysis of the impact of economic globalization on the world culture and on the understanding of the diversified integration from two different points of view, we can recognize this problem more objectively.
    As a complete concept, culture has its own deep structure and surface structure.
    The deep structure of a culture,which comprises values,thinking and behavioral patterns,religious beliefs,esthetic tastes,etc., is of great stability and inertia. It develops following its own orbit and will not easily get assimilated by other cultures. It is not as easy as selling McDonald's, if the values of the United States want to conquer all the nations of the world. In contrast,the surface structure of the culture,which centers around consumption,is easy to get globalized, because, the surface structure is the same as the popular culture, which is just a kind of spiritual fast food, such as jeans, Titanic, Kara 0K, etc. The economic globalization can only form a kind of culture globalization at this level. However, even at this level, when a kind of foreign culture spreads into another country, the local culture will change the origin form of the foreign culture and form a new one, which may be called the third form of culture. A case in point is that in the United States, people patronizing McDonald’s want to save money and time, while in China, people do not have money but they have enough time, so they will treat McDonald's as places where a special ceremony can be held ,such as birthday, farewell party and so on. Besides, the dinner time of Chinese is far more than the Americans. We can see that McDonald's has been something in China. When the Coca-Cola came to China, some people added some ginger in it. In the same way, when the Chinese things are introduced to the overseas, 1627

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