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《裸者与死者》中权利欲对人性的影响

更新时间:2016-11-7:  来源:毕业论文

《裸者与死者》英语论文 权利欲对人性的影响 Acknowledgments
I’d like to take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to my honourable supervisor, Prof. Wang Min. In the course of my thesis writing, she gave me a lot of valuable guidance and inspiration particularly in the method, key point, structure, and the significance of the thesis.
I also own thanks to the teachers and professors who have taught me the past two years of study in Shanghai Institute of Technology. Especially Prof. Yan Ming, teacher Xiong Liang and Xiao Yan, whose instructions and encouragements greatly benefited me.
My special thanks also go to my family for their support and encouragement.
Abstract
The Naked and the Dead has been published nearly a century ago and with its different versions throughout the world, it earns itself literary researches from different aspect, for example, the one focusing on historical consciousness and the one from the perspective of existentialist philosophy.

In this thesis, the author uses Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory to analyze the power attitude, and pursuit and abusing of power of the General Cummings, Sergeant Croft and other characters. The author also find the reasons for the characters’ mental deformity in The Naked and the Dead. By the means of case study and the analysis of Norman Mailer’s attitude toward war and totalitarianism, this thesis exposes the brutality of despising the human right, trampling on personality, human feeling, the extreme absurdity of the war and the total alienation of the interpersonal relations during war time, and sarcasm of American totalitarianism.本文来自六/维(论+文?网,毕业论文 www.lwfree.cn

This thesis will help people know more about the influence of power to human being from the cases in The Naked and the Dead, produce the awareness of Anti-war thought and warn people’s control of power. It has theoretical significance and realistic significance in our modern society.

This thesis consists of introduction, conclusion and four chapters. Chapter one makes a study of the background and the introduction of book and author. Chapter two discusses the Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory. Chapter three discusses Freudian Psychoanalytical Theory in The Naked and the Dead. Chapter four discusses the production of power from the perspective of human being and country. Then, chapter five makes a detailed description for the influence of power to human being in The Naked and the Dead. Finally, chapter six is conclusion.
Key Words:  War, Power, Psychoanalytical Theory, Totalitarianism
摘要
《裸者与死者》出版的近一个世纪,其不同版本遍布全球。本书赢得了从不同角度的研究。例如历史意识的角度和存在主义哲学的角度。
在本论文中,作者运用弗洛伊德的精神分析理论来分析书中卡明斯,克洛夫特以及其他人物对权利的态度,对权利的追求和滥用。同时,作者找出了他们精神扭曲的原因。通过运用案例分析和对诺曼•梅勒对战争以及极权主义的态度的分析,本论文揭露了蔑视人权、践踏人格、摧残人性的野蛮行为,以及战争的荒诞不堪和战争时期人际关系极度异化的困境,并以此讽刺美国的极权主义。
本论文将会帮助人们从《裸者与死者》的案例分析中了解更多关于权利欲对人性的影响,使人们产生反战思想,并且警示人们对权利的控制。这不仅有理论意义,也对我们的现代社会具有现实意义。
本论文包括绪论,总结和其他四个部分。第一章主要介绍《裸者与死者》和作者诺曼•梅勒。第二章讨论弗洛伊德的精神分析理论。第三章讨论弗洛伊德的精神分析理论在《裸者与死者》中的运用。第四章主要是从个人和国家的角度讨论权利的产生。然后,第五章主要是详细描述在《裸者与死者》中,权利欲对人性的影响。最后,第六章是总结。
关键词:战争,权力,精神分析理论,极权主义 3584

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