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东北方言语音特点论文

更新时间:2010-1-30:  来源:毕业论文

东北方言语音特点论文
[1]詹伯慧《现代汉语方言》,湖北人民出版社 1981年3月。
[2]詹伯慧《汉语方言及方言调查》,湖北教育出版社 1991年10月。
[3]叶蜚声、徐通锵《语言学纲要》,北京大学出版社 2003年8月。
[4]黄伯萧、廖序东《现代汉语》,高等教育出版社 1997年7月。
The contents summary: the region dialect is the civil language branch in different region, the phrase language of the different Chinese language dialect, write down with the Chinese characters, the difference does not calculate greatly, the everyone talk the person of the area and can see substantially understand, if read aloud out, the speech difference is big very, the that is mutually was very unpleasant to hear to understand. The northeast dialect belongs to the branch of the language of officialdom dialect, on the region of connect to make northeast the person talks the tune to near to the modern Chinese language common speech, the person of other dialect areas can hear understand substantially, this spread to provide the objective and last essential condition extensively within the scope of national for the nearer northeast of the in the last years dialect. At the same time, the northeast dialect is free from the common speech to" limit" again, there is its own speech characteristics, straight and even win to have the great waves, talk to the utmost humorous, humor, Benshan Zhao, Xiuming Gao , Wei Fan the performing arts house pass the northeast, two people turn, the art forms such as essay and the showbiz work etc. of performance creations, take the northeast dialect up a new art height, became a" the northeast dialect hot".
The northeast dialect is one of the foundation dialects of the common speech, speaking up from the language system, is to owe the common speech of the standard slightly. The speech characteristics of the northeast dialect comes from the humanities difference and natural differences of the northeast region: Full, receive etc. national minority of crude and uncivilized and bold and unconstrained affected the formation of the northeast dialect; A people's customs with full-bodied up plentiful muscle of the northeast black soil provides heroic qualities to the northeast dialect; The cold aridity of the weather infected with thick style of the northeast dialect.
Through the speech characteristics to the reading of the existing data and the rightness the ego analysis of the northeast dialect, this text tries to pass with in the contrast of the modern Chinese language common speech, from the consonant, the vowel, tune three main aspects to do a meticulous analysis, emphasizing to analyze the northeast the dialect, and point out that an opposition of the northeast dialect and modern Chinese language common speech unifies the relation. Explain although the northeast dialect have" market" very much in recent years, it never may replace the common speech- Chinese race position of the common language.

Keyword:   Common speech           Northeast dialect
Speech characteristics
中文摘要

地域方言是全民语言在不同地域上的分支,不同汉语方言的词语,用汉字写下来,差别不算大,各方言区的人大体上能看得懂,如果念出来,语音差别很大,相互之间就很难听懂了。东北方言隶属官话方言的分支,地域上的接壤使得东北人的说话腔调接近现代汉语普通话,其他方言区的人大体上能够听明白,这就为近些年来东北方言在全国范围内广泛传播提供了客观上的必要条件。同时,东北方言又不受普通话的“局限”,有其自己的语音特点,平直中有波澜,说话时尽显诙谐、幽默,加上赵本山、高秀敏、范伟等表演艺术家通过东北二人转、小品和影视作品等艺术形式的表现创作,将东北方言带上了一个新的艺术高度,形成了一场“东北方言热”。
东北方言是普通话的基础方言之一,从语言体系上讲,就是稍欠标准的普通话。东北方言的语音特点源于东北地区的人文差异和自然差异:满、蒙等少数民族的粗犷豪放影响了东北方言的形成;东北黑土地上丰肌醇厚的民风提供给东北方言豪迈的气质;气候的寒冷干燥感染了东北方言的粗豪风格。
经过对现有资料的阅读以及对东北方言的自我剖析,本文试通过与现代汉语普通话的对比中,从声母、韵母、声调三个主要方面做出细致分析,着重分析了东北方言的语音特点,并指出东北方言和现代汉语普通话之间对立统一关系。说明东北方言虽然在近年来很有“市场”,但是它永远不可能取代普通话——汉民族共同语的地位。关键词:普通话;东北方言;语音特点700

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