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我国城市社区居家养老存在的问题与解决对策分析

时间:2019-01-13 16:10来源:毕业论文
可以通过发挥政府的主导作用,合理划分各职能部门、建立健全法律体系、扩大养老范围,增加社区居家养老服务内容、整合社会资源,动员各方积极参与、加大宣传力度,争取社会认可

[摘要]我国已进入老龄化社会,养老问题成为亟需解决的社会问题。但在目前条件下,存在广泛的社会养老需求与有限的养老保障能力之间的矛盾。以家庭为载体、社区为主体、政府为主导的社区居家养老模式可以有效提升养老保障能力。但现阶段,社区居家养老的政府支持力度不够 ,存在多头管理的情况、缺少完备的法律体系、覆盖范围偏小,服务内容单一、资源短缺,资金不到位、社会认知度不高、缺少专业人员和志愿者队伍等问题。对于这些问题,可以通过发挥政府的主导作用,合理划分各职能部门、建立健全法律体系、扩大养老范围,增加社区居家养老服务内容、整合社会资源,动员各方积极参与、加大宣传力度,争取社会认可和支持、加强培养,打造专业化服务队伍等对策加以解决。32716
[毕业论文关键词]社区居家养老、法律、资金、社会认知、专业人员
The Analysis of Problems and Solutions of Urban Community Home Care in China
Abstract: China has entered the aging society, pension problem has become the first thing to be solved .But under the present conditions, there is a contradiction between the widely demand of social pension and the limited support capability. The community home care model which on the carrier of family, take the community as the main body and regard the government as the leading can effectively enhance the ability of pension. But at this stage, the community home care exposes some problems, for example, the support from the government is insufficient and exist bull management, the lack of perfect legal system, the coverage is too small and the service content is too single, the shortage of resources and the community funding is limited, community home care model didn’t form the effect of public opinion, the lack of professionals and volunteers. For these problems, we put forward the following suggestions. First of all, it should be emphasized that the dominance of the government and pide the functional departments legitimately; Secondly, establish and perfect the legal system; Thirdly, expand the scope of the pension and increase community home care service content; once again, integrate social resources, encourage each side to participate in the development process; at the same time, government should step up publicity efforts, advocacy elderly foster healthy pension concept; Finally, the government and the community should cultivate a professional service team and expand volunteer service teams.

源`自*六)维[论*文'网www.lwfree.cn


Key words:community home care  law  funding  social cognition  professionals
目录
一、引言    1
二、社区居家养老的内涵和特点    1
(一)社区居家养老模式的基本内涵    2
(二)社区居家养老的主要特点    2
三、我国社区居家养老模式的典型案例    3
    (一)杭州市上城区——民办社区养老机构    3
    (三)北京市西城区——“无围墙养老院”融入市场元素    3           
(三)武汉市百步亭社区——打造专业化的志愿服务队    3
四、我国社区居家养老服务存在的问题    4
(一)政府的支持力度不够 ,存在多头管理的情况    4
(二)缺少完备的法律体系    4
(三)社区居家养老覆盖范围偏小,服务内容单一     4
(四)资源短缺,资金不到位    5
(五)社会认知度不高    5
(六)缺少专业人员和志愿者队伍    5
五、完善城市社区居家养老的对策和建议    6 我国城市社区居家养老存在的问题与解决对策分析:http://www.lwfree.cn/falv/20190113/29450.html
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