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论民事诉讼中举证责任存在的问题及其完善

时间:2019-01-19 20:42来源:毕业论文
研究民事诉讼中举证责任存在的问题。首先分析举证责任的含义,了解法学界对举证责任研究和基本学说。其次,明确举证责任的重要意义,他是民事诉讼的脊梁,贯穿于民事诉讼的全

摘要本文主要研究民事诉讼中举证责任存在的问题。首先分析举证责任的含义,了解法学界对举证责任研究和基本学说。其次,明确举证责任的重要意义,他是民事诉讼的脊梁,贯穿于民事诉讼的全过程。再次,分析大陆法系和英美法系关于举证责任的研究。两大法系在举证责任方面都倾注了很多的心血,可见举证责任的重要性。对比其异同,总结二者的共同点,说明举证责任的本质就是保障诉讼的公平与公正。对我国举证责任制度具有重大的借鉴意义。接着,研究我国举证责任存在的问题,发现我国举证责任存在的问题。有以下几点:立法中举证责任概念模糊,并未体现举证责任的本质;我国举证责任立法不足,困扰司法实践;举证责任制度中法官自由裁量权未作具体限制,出现判决不公现象;过度强调当事人主义的举证责任诉讼模式,忽视我国具体国情。在发现问题的基础上,提出具体对策,进一步完善举证责任制度,解决实践中存在的问题。32975
关键词  民事诉讼  举证责任  败诉风险说  自由裁量权
毕业论文外文摘要
Title   The existence of the burden  of proof in civil   Procedure and its perfection                   
Abstract
This paper mainly studies the problems existing in the burden of proof in civil procedure. First analysis of the meaning of the burden of proof, legal science basic theory and research on the burden of proof. Second, clear the significance of the burden of proof, it is the backbone of civil lawsuit, throughout the course of civil procedure. Again, analysis of continental law system and Anglo-American law system research on the burden of proof. Two important legal systems in terms of the burden of proof are poured a lot of work, the importance of the burden of proof. Compared the similarities and differences, both have in common, it is shown that the nature of burden of proof is safeguard lawsuit fairness and justice. The burden of proof system in China is of great significance. Next, the problem of burden of proof in our country, found the problem of burden of proof in our country. Have the following: in the legislative concept of burden of proof, do not embody the essence of the burden of proof; The burden of proof in our country inadequate legislation, judicial practice; The burden of proof system of the judge discretion if there are no specific restrictions, unfairness in judgment; Excessive emphasis on the burden of proof of the parties litigation mode, ignore the concrete national conditions of our country. On the basis of the found problems, and puts forward the specific countermeasures, further perfecting the system of burden of proof, to solve the problems existing in the practice.
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keywords   civil action  The burden of proof  losing risk theory  discretion
目   次
1 引言    2
2 民事诉讼中举证责任的含义与意义    3
2.1 民事诉讼中举证责任的含义    3
2.2 民事诉讼中举证责任的意义    3
3 两大法系关于举证责任的讨论    5
3.1 大陆法系的举证责任    5
3.2 英美法系的举证责任    6
3.3 两大法系举证责任的研究对我国举证责任的启示    7
4 我国民事诉讼中举证责任存在的问题    9
4.1 民事诉讼中举证责任概念模糊    9
4.2 民事诉讼举证责任立法不足    9
4.3 民事诉讼举证责任制度中法官的自由裁量权未作具体限制    10
4.4 民事诉讼举证责任模式过度强调当事人主义    10 论民事诉讼中举证责任存在的问题及其完善:http://www.lwfree.cn/falv/20190119/29793.html
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