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婚内强行性交行为的刑法研究

时间:2019-08-04 21:44来源:毕业论文
学界对于婚内强行性交行为的定性主要有四类:无罪、侮辱罪或虐待罪、故意伤害罪、强奸罪。该行为原则上不构成强奸罪,但在共同犯罪(如轮奸);因其违背妇女意志,暴力性交行为导

[摘要]婚内强行性交行为是指婚姻关系存续期间,在特定情形下,妻子以明示方式将自己不愿与丈夫进行性交的的真实意思告知丈夫,而丈夫仍违背妻子意志,以暴力、胁迫手段强行与妻子发生性关系的行为。国内外对于丈夫是否能成为强奸自己妻子的犯罪主体存在不同立法。学界对于婚内强行性交行为的定性主要有四类:无罪、侮辱罪或虐待罪、故意伤害罪、强奸罪。该行为原则上不构成强奸罪,但在共同犯罪(如轮奸);因其违背妇女意志,暴力性交行为导致妻一方死亡的;离婚诉讼判决尚未生效期间;当众对妻暴力进行性交的;对象认识错误,即把妻子当做其他妇女而强奸;因感情不和而分居满6个月,且有书面分居协议证实夫妻已分居,丈夫仍然违背妻子意愿强行性交。这六种情形下构成特殊的自诉的强奸罪。38095
[毕业论文关键词]婚内强行性交行为、强奸罪、违背妇女意志
Abstract
  Marital forced sex behavior is that During the duration of marriage in certain circu- mstances, to express his wife his reluctant to sexual intercourse with her husband of the real meaning of told her husband, wife and husband still not will, by violence, co- ercion forced to have sex with his wife's behavior. For her husband whether can be ra- ped his wife at home and abroad criminal legislation main body are different. Educat- ional circles for marital forced sex behavior qualitative mainly has four kinds: the cri- me of innocence, insult or abuse, intentional injury, rape. The author thinks that the behavior does not constitute a rape in principle, but in joint crime (for example:gang      
rape) ;due to its violation of women will, violent sexual intercourse that resulted in the deaths of a wife of one party ;porce judgment has yet to take effect; during sexual intercourse of violence against his wife in public ;cognition mistake, where his wife for other women and rape ;With emotional discord and separation of six months, and have written separation agreement confirmed that the couple have been separated, hu- sband against his wife will still forced sexual intercourse.The seven cases constitute special prosecution of rape. 源-自*六'维:论.文]网[www.lwfree.cn
Keywords
  Marital forced sexual intercourse ,rape,against women will.
首先,需要质疑的是,众多学者将婚内强行性交行为称为“婚内强奸”,这在逻辑上是不合理的。因为婚内只是个定语,这种表述实际上有将其直接纳入强奸罪中的嫌疑。[1]婚内强行性交行为是指婚姻关系存续期间,在特定情形下,妻子以明示方式将自己不愿与丈夫进行性交的的真实意思告知丈夫,而丈夫仍违背妻子意志,以暴力、胁迫手段强行与妻子发生性关系的行为。[2]
事实上,从1989-1999年大陆大规模“性文明”调查和《2010妇女年度权益报告》显示,2.8%的被调查妇女承认她们曾遭受过自己丈夫的性暴力,比例远高于婚外强奸案的发生率。家庭暴力、性暴力等传统侵害妇女权益行为仍然存在,甚至较为严重,中国妇女权利状况并不乐观。佛山首例“婚内强奸案”,一审判决丈夫无罪;1998年青浦法院判决王某某成立强奸罪等更是引起社会持续关注。   我国法律并未明确排除丈夫作为强奸罪的犯罪主体,亦未将婚内强行性交明确入罪化。这种不确定性和不可预期性使得法官拥有较大的自由裁量权,为了严格限制司法裁量权,维护司法的统一性,防止司法秩序混乱,我国急迫需要在刑事立法上对婚内强行性交行为作出明确定性。
本文主要研究婚内强行性交行为定性强奸罪的可行性问题。
    一、国内外对婚内强行性交行为的制度研究及冲突
(一)中国立法
从《大清律例•刑律》、《大清新刑律》、《大清民律草案》、六法全书、《汉律》、1928年刑法典、1935年的修订,到现行刑法,经历了从肯定一夫多妻制、将“奸”字理解为不义之交,即婚外性行为、妻子完全没有性自主权,到对“奸”的理解可以包括夫妻间的性行为。[3]1980年我国《婚姻法》废除了第七条夫妻共同生活的规定,使得婚内强行性交行为入罪具有现实可能性。 婚内强行性交行为的刑法研究:http://www.lwfree.cn/falv/20190804/37017.html
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