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典型场所的人体热舒适研究

时间:2017-10-10 20:20来源:毕业论文
分析哈市和上海冬季商场内温度、相对湿度、风速等室内外环境参数,得出影响南北热舒适不同的关键性因素。冬季两个城市商场的热舒适的有利因素以及不利因素
摘要:为了研究冬季商场室内的热环境状况, 对哈尔滨市主要购物商场的冬季室内热环境进行了现场调查。分别对500名商场顾客的热感觉、热舒适等进行了主观问卷调查, 同时测试了温度、相对湿度、风速等室内外环境参数,对测试与调查结果进行了统计回归分析。结果表明, 哈尔滨市居住建筑冬季实测的热中性温度为19.2℃, 预测热中性温度为24.3℃。对受调查者的衣服热阻进行统计,并对结果进行线性回归。对冬季商场内空气品质进行分析,综合以上提出改善冬季哈市商场热环境和室内空气品质的措施。由于中国地域辽阔,南北气候差异以及内陆、沿海气候条件相差较大。本课题与上海市港汇商场内的热环境进行比较分析,分析哈市和上海冬季商场内温度、相对湿度、风速等室内外环境参数,得出影响南北热舒适不同的关键性因素。冬季两个城市商场的热舒适的有利因素以及不利因素。14139
关键词:热舒适;典型场所;PMV-PPD;室内空气品质;衣着热阻
Thermal comfort study of the typical places
Abstract: In order to study the indoor thermal environmental conditions of the winter shopping malls, major shopping malls in Harbin City winter indoor thermal environment, a field investigation. 500 stores the customer's thermal sensation, thermal comfort subjective questionnaire, and test temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, indoor and outdoor environmental parameters such as statistical regression analysis, testing and survey results. The results show that the Harbin City residential buildings in winter measured neutral temperature of 19.2℃, and predict the thermal neutral temperature of 24.3℃. Clothing thermal resistance of the subject of investigation, statistics, the results were linear regression. To analyze the air quality in the winter shopping centers, the above proposed measures to improve the thermal environment of winter Harbin shopping malls and indoor air quality. China is a vast north-south difference country in climate, as well as inland, coastal climatic conditions quite different. The subject and the thermal environment in the Gateway Shopping Centre, Shanghai, analysis of the shopping centers of Harbin and Shanghai winter temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and other indoor environmental parameters, come to affect the north-south thermal comfort of different key factors. Winter two thermal comfort of the city malls, the favorable factors and unfavorable factors.
源自六[维^论'文]网.加7位QQ3249'114 www.lwfree.cn

Key words: Thermal Comfort; Typical Places; PMV-PPD; Indoor Air Quality; Clothing Thermal Insulation
目录
1 绪论    1
1.1 研究背景    1
1.2 国内外研究现状    2
1.2.1 国外的研究现状    2
1.2.2 国内的研究现状    3
1.3 本文研究的目的、意义及方法    4
2 研究方法    6
2.1 概述    6
2.2 调查对象    6
2.2.1 样本统计    6
2.2.2 物理参数测试    7
2.2.3 调查问卷设计    8
3 冬季调查涉及与统计分析    9
3.1 哈市商场参数频率    9
3.2 统计分析    12
4 服装热阻    13
5 男顾客、女顾客商场热舒适情况    15
5.1 投票值频率分布    15
5.2 统计分析    19
6 投票值的正态性检验    21
7 热感觉与热期望投票值的关系    22
7.1 热感觉分析    22
7.2 标度划分    23
7.3 热期望分析    24
8 冬季数据处理与结果分析    26
8.1 热接受率的评价方法    26 典型场所的人体热舒适研究:http://www.lwfree.cn/gongcheng/20171010/14586.html
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