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政府环境监管与工业企业污染治理的现状分析及对策研究

时间:2019-03-09 14:32来源:毕业论文
基于全国较大范围内的普遍现象的研究下,总结出工业企业产生的污染物对人类的危害,给环境保护工作带来的困扰以及政府在治理污染政策上存在的不足

摘要随着科技飞快的进步和社会生产力极大的提高,我国的经济取得了举世瞩目的成就,但环境问题也因此变得非常棘手。虽然政府制订了环境法律法规体制并不断进行完善,使环境保护有了一定的起色,但企业不履行对环境保护义务的状况仍旧没有改变。在此背景下,本文基于全国较大范围内的普遍现象的研究下,总结出工业企业产生的污染物对人类的危害,给环境保护工作带来的困扰以及政府在治理污染政策上存在的不足。具体以徐州市为例,分析研究徐州市政府对工业企业污染采取的监管措施,以及在政府监管之下工业企业仍然存在的污染问题,分析造成这些问题的原因,通过国内外政策的对比,找出我国政府监管方面存在的不足之处,并借鉴国外比较好的经验,对徐州市工业企业污染治理中存在的问题,提出相应的对策和建议。33706
关键词  经济   企业污染   环境保护
毕业论文外文 摘 要
Title The status quo of government environmental supervision and pollution control of industrial enterprises and Its Countermeasures -- Taking Xuzhou as an example       Abstract
With the rapid progress of science and technology and the improvement of social productivity, The economy of our country has made the achievement that attracts worldwide attention, But the environmental problems are becoming tricky. Although the government has formulated the environmental laws and regulations system and continues to improve, To make the environment protect a certain improvement, However, the situation of the enterprise does not fulfill the obligations of the environment remains unchanged. Under this background, the paper is based on the wide range of the whole country, The harm of pollutants produced by industrial enterprises to human beings is summarized, To the problems caused by the environmental protection work and the government's problems in the pollution control policies. Taking Xuzhou city as an example, the supervision and measures of the government of Xuzhou Municipality on the pollution of industrial enterprises is analyzed concretely, And the pollution problems which exist in the industrial enterprises under the supervision of the government, The reasons for these problems are analyzed and compared with the domestic and foreign policies, To find out the shortcomings of the government supervision in China, And learn from foreign experience of good, The problems of environmental supervision and pollution control of industrial enterprises in Xuzhou are put forward and countermeasures are put forward. 源自$六l维,论:文w网)加7位QQ3249^114 www.lwfree.cn
Keywords  Economics   Enterprise pollution    Environmental protection
 目   次
1  引言1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究的意义 1
1.3文献综述2
1.4研究内容与研究方法3
2基本概念与理论基础4
2.1基本概念界定4
2.1.1监管政策4
2.1.2监管的经济手段4
2.2理论基础4
2.2.1环境保护优化经济增长4
2.2.2产业结构演变与污染减排理论5
3徐州市政府对工业企业污染治理的现状和存在的问题分析6
3.1工业企业污染的治理现状与问题6
3.1.1治理现状6
3.1.2存在的问题7
3.2政府在监管方面的现状与问题7
3.2.1监管的现状7
3.2.2存在的问题9
4对徐州市治理工业企业污染不利的原因10
4.1外部不经济性10
4.2主要污染物排放总量较大,污染减排仍面临巨大压力10
4.3资源能源消耗巨大,使用效率低下造成严重浪费10
4.4产业结构不合理11
4.5政策不健全11
4.6基层环境监管能力薄弱11
5 国内外政府治理现状比较研究13
5.1国内政府监管和治理现状13
5.2国外政府监管和治理现状14 政府环境监管与工业企业污染治理的现状分析及对策研究:http://www.lwfree.cn/guanli/20190309/30947.html
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