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单独二孩政策的实施江苏省育龄夫妻生育愿望的调查研究

时间:2019-08-28 20:25来源:毕业论文
从居民对政策了解程度,生育决策,理想生育孩数及政策实施前后的孩数变化,“单独二孩”政策对不同婚育状态夫妻的影响等角度,结合人口学特征进行分析

摘要本文通过问卷统计的数据,利用SPSS软件分析江苏省居民生育意愿在“单独二孩”政策实施条件下发生的变化以及存在的地区差异。本文从居民对政策了解程度,生育决策,理想生育孩数及政策实施前后的孩数变化,“单独二孩”政策对不同婚育状态夫妻的影响等角度,结合人口学特征进行分析。结果表明:农村地区对此项政策的知晓度不高,尤其是江江北部农村;经济发展水平高的区域适龄夫妻的生育观念发生改变,生育意愿不强;农村中符合条件居民对“单独二孩”政策的热情要高于城市居民;城市居民理想孩数低于农村居民孩数,而江北居民的生育意愿高于江南居民;江北农村居民生育意愿受国家政策影响较小,多数保持原有生育观念,经济收入、孩子教育则成为江南农村居民生育的主要决策因素结论:“单独二孩”政策的实施,使得部分符合条件的夫妻改变自己的生育意愿,要求政府相关部门应及时做好应对措施,及时调整迎接计划生育战略调整带来的挑战。40241
毕业论文关键词:江苏省,“单独二孩”政策,生育意向,人口
 Abstract  In this paper, through questionnaire statistical data, using SPSS software analysis of jiangsu residents fertility intentions in "two-child fertility" policy implementation conditions change and regional differences. Based on the residents' understanding of policy, reproductive decisions, ideal birth child number and the number of children before and after the policy change, "two-child fertility" policy Angle, to the influence of different examination state couple combined with demographic characteristics are analyzed. Results show that the rural policy known to this degree is not high, especially in northern jiangsu rural areas; High economic development level of regional age couples attitudes change, fertility intention is not strong; Rural residents eligible for the "two-child fertility" policy enthusiasm more than the city residents; Urban residents ideal number of children below the number of rural residents' children, and north jiangsu residents fertility intentions than southern jiangsu; Subei rural residents fertility intentions less affected by the national policies, most keep original ideas. Income, children education has become the main southern jiangsu rural residents fertility decision factors. Conclusion: the implementation of the "two-child fertility" policy, make some eligible couples change their fertility intentions, calls for the government related department shall timely complete response, timely adjust to meet challenges brought about by the strategic adjustment of family planning. 源¥自%六:维;论-文'网=www.lwfree.cn
Key words: Jiangsu province; "two-child fertility" policy; Fertility intention; population
 目      录
1.引言    4
1.1 我国计划生育政策对育龄夫妇生育行为的影响    4
1.2 江苏省人口特征    4
2.研究对象与研究方法    5
2.1 研究对象与样本分析    5
2.2 研究方法    6
2.3 统计数据分析    6
3.“单独二孩”政策的核心内容    6
4.问卷调查结果    7
4.1 “单独二孩”政策对育龄夫妇的影响    7
4.1.1多数夫妇对“单独二孩”政策略有了解    7
4.1.2未生育、高收入、高学历夫妇的生育决策受政策影响较大    8
4.2 城市与农村居民自然生育愿望的差异    9
4.2.1 江苏省城市居民自然生育愿望的差异    9
4.2.2 江苏省农村居民自然生育愿望的差异    10 单独二孩政策的实施江苏省育龄夫妻生育愿望的调查研究:http://www.lwfree.cn/guanli/20190828/38503.html
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