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小学弹性放学制研究现状挑战及出路

时间:2018-08-17 11:56来源:毕业论文
选取了两所差别较大、且较有代表性的学校进行了调查,发现作为供给方的学校和作为需求方的家长在目前的实施现状之间存在着一些共性的矛盾,主要集中在服务人员、服务时间、服

摘要本文所描述的“弹性离校”是指由家长自愿提出申请的、在南京市范围内的小学所施行的自愿延迟放学的制度,与“留堂”以及其他形式的自愿、非自愿留校相区别。
“弹性离校”这一制度实施一年以来,解决了部分家长无法按时接孩子放学的困难,一定程度上服务了学生以及学生家长,但也逐渐显现了弊端:长期的义务值班使老师利益受损,单一的形式也让一些家长不满。
本文选取了两所差别较大、且较有代表性的学校进行了调查,发现作为供给方的学校和作为需求方的家长在目前的实施现状之间存在着一些共性的矛盾,主要集中在服务人员、服务时间、服务内容等方面。在对策建议上,文章尝试提出整合社会资源、引进第三方服务等方式来缓解双方的矛盾。27148
关键词  南京市  弹性放学  困境  出路
毕业论文外文摘要
Title  Reserch on the System of Leaving School Flexibly-the Current Situation, Challenges and Countermeasures
Abstract
Leaving school flexibly is referred to a system conducted in primary school in Nanjing. It means parents submit an application to school voluntarily to apply to leave school late for their children. It is different from staying behind after class asked by teachers and such other forms.
The system of leaving school flexibly has been put into practice more than one year. It solves the problem which some parents can’t  pick up children on time for some parents and serves students and their parents in a degree.However,it appears some drawbacks at the same time: working overtime for free damages teachers interest and the single form of service makes parents unhappy.
源¥自%六:维;论-文'网=www.lwfree.cn

In this article, we select two schools to investigate which are different and typical. During the survey, we find that there are some common contradictions between schools who act as supplier and parents who play the role of demander, which focus on who is on duty, when is to work and what is to do. On suggestions, we try to put forward some advice to relieve the contradictions such as the integration of socialresources and the introduction of the third-party service.
Keywords  Nanjing;  Leaving School Flexibly;  Dilemma ;  Solutions
目   次
研究缘起    1
1.1  研究背景    1
1.2  研究目的    2
文献回顾    3
2.1  国内儿童托管    3
2.2  国外儿童托管    5
3  研究设计    6
3.1  研究方法    6
3.2  研究对象    6
4  研究结果    9
4.1  学校实施现状及老师态度取向    9
4.2  家长的需求状况    12
5  弹性放学的供给与需求矛盾分析    15
5.1  学校收容能力与家长需求数量的矛盾    15
5.2  学校提供服务的内容与学生及家长需求内容的矛盾    15
5.3  学校提供服务的人员与学生及家长需求人员的矛盾    15
5.4  学校提供服务的时间与家长需求时间的矛盾    17
5.5  值班人员的轮班制与学生关注度减少的矛盾    17
6  对策建议    18
6.1  学校做好宣传,消除家长认知错误    18
源¥自%六:维;论-文'网=www.lwfree.cn

6.2  适当的人员筛选    18
6.3  寻求社会力量,整合资源    18
6.4  引进第三方服务:学校社工    19
致  谢    21
参 考 文 献    22 小学弹性放学制研究现状挑战及出路:http://www.lwfree.cn/jiaoxue/20180817/21552.html
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