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中国纺织服装出口贸易竞争力分析

时间:2017-09-14 13:09来源:毕业论文
论文在系统分析近年来纺织服装出口在我国对外贸易中的地位的基础上,运用国际市场占有率、对外开放度、显示性比较优势和贸易竞争力(TC)四项指标对我国纺织服装出口贸易竞争力
摘要2015年,我国对外贸易再度遇阻,出现自2009年全球金融危机后六年来的首次进出口双降,与此同时,我国纺织服装出口也出现近五年来的首次负增长。因为劳动力和主要原材料等成本持续上涨、订单和产业转移、人民币对美元、欧元、日元和英镑升值、国际市场复苏缓慢、国内面临内需不足、产能过剩等的影响,2015年中国纺织服装出口面临种种压力,下行趋势明显。
有鉴于此,本毕业论文在系统分析近年来纺织服装出口在我国对外贸易中的地位的基础上,运用国际市场占有率、对外开放度、显示性比较优势和贸易竞争力(TC)四项指标对我国纺织服装出口贸易竞争力进行了实证分析。研究结果表明:我国纺织服装产业不仅国际竞争优势明显,而且始终保持大额顺差,但存在出口结构不尽合理等问题,对此分析了目前我国纺织服装出口存在的不利因素,并提出了维持和提升我国纺织服装出口国际竞争力的对策。13301
关键词:纺织服装产业;出口竞争力;计量分析;产业结构升级
Abstract
By 2015, China's foreign trade suffered stuck again, the first time in six years of imports, exports double down after the 2009 global financial crisis. China's textile and garment exports for the first time negative growth since 2010, is facing downward pressure. Since labor and related costs continuously rising, industry and transfer orders, the RMB against the euro, yen and sterling appreciation, slow recovery of the international market, the country is facing insufficient domestic demand, excess capacity and other factors, and in 2015 China's textile and garment exports face multiple pressures, trend is clearly downward.
Based on the systematic analysis of the textile and garment export base position in China's foreign trade on the use of international market share (MS), external openness, revealed comparative advantage (RCA) and trade competitiveness (TC) of the four indicators China's textile and garment export competitiveness empirical analysis. The results show that: the international competitive advantage of China's textile and garment industry is obvious, and always maintain large surplus, but the export structure is not reasonable. Therefore I list the negative factors that exist in China's textile and garment exports and provide some reasonable suggestion to improve our international competitiveness of textile and apparel industry.

源自六/维"论\文|网.加7位QQ3249"114 www.lwfree.cn


Key Words: Textile and garment industry; Export competitiveness; Econometric Analysis; Upgrade of industrial structure
目  录
摘    要Ⅰ
AbstractⅡ
一、引言1    
(一)选题背景及意义1
(二)文献综述3
(三)论文的创新与不足3
(四)论文的结构安排3                          
二、纺织服装出口在我国对外贸易中的地位4    
三、中国纺织服装出口贸易竞争力的实证分析6               
(一)国际市场占有率分析(MS)6
(二)对外开放度分析7
(三)显示性比较优势指数分析(RAC)8
(四)贸易竞争力指数分析(TC)9
四、我国纺织服装出口国际竞争优势下降的原因分析11
(一)劳动力和原材料等成本上升11    
(二)人民币对美元、日元、欧元、英镑升值11
(三)国际贸易保护主义11
五、维持和提升我国纺织服装出口国际竞争力的对策12
    (一)进一步扩大内需12
    (二)出口市场多元化12
(三)调整产业结构、优化企业规模12 中国纺织服装出口贸易竞争力分析:http://www.lwfree.cn/jingji/20170914/13416.html
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