Design of the Power Plant Boiler
Abstract：With the rapid growth of the national economy and power load, power capacity and the demand for electricity also increase, the development of power industry has become essential. In this paper, the calculation design for thermodynamic system and burner system of 300MW boiler, for example, describes the design steps and methods of the large-scale coal power plant boiler. This design according to the given design specification, this design combines the operation experience of the project practice and consult the relevant design data, a 1025t/h 300MW power coal-fired plant boiler is designed on the basis of consulting concerning references and analyzing basic structure ,working process and general features of the boiler. We adopt typical Π type boiler and tangential firing burner, the slag screen is distributed at the outer gate of the furnace and Vertical convection super heater is distributed in the horizontal flue. Higher and lower level air pre-heaters and economizers are distributed connectedly in the vertical flue. This design includes calculation of furnace, convective heating surface of the boiler and rechecking the calculation to make the design more reasonable 源自!六%维^论*文`网www.lwfree.cn
Keywords: Boiler structure; furnace energy calculation; air pre-heater; economizer; super heater

1 绪论    1
2 锅炉基本结构和辅助计算    3
2.1 锅炉基本结构    3
2.2 燃料数据的分析和整理    4
2.3 空气平衡    4
2.4 燃料的燃烧计算    4
2.4.1 理论空气量和理论烟气量的计算    4
2.4.2 烟气和空气焓的计算    7
3 炉膛的热力计算    12
3.1煤粉燃烧器的型式和布置    12
3.1.1 燃烧室尺寸的确定    13
3.1.2 炉膛的宽度和深度    13
3.2 燃烧室炉墙面积的确定    13
3.3 燃烧室水冷壁的布置    14
3.4 燃烧室辐射吸热量的分配    18
3.4.1 凝渣管直接吸收燃烧室的辐射热量    18
4 对流受热面的设计    19
4.1 凝渣管束的设计与热力计算    19
4.2 过热器的设计与热力计算    22
4.3 省煤器的设计与热力计算    32
4.4 空气预热器的设计与热力计算    40
5 结论    47

1 绪论

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