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上海地区蓝莓高效繁殖技术研究

时间:2017-05-18 09:50来源:毕业论文
摘要 蓝莓果实属高氨基酸、高锌、高钙、高铁、高铜、高维生素的营养保健果品。它不仅具有良好的营养保健作用,还具有防止脑神经老化、强心、抗癌软化血管、增强人机体免疫等功
摘要   蓝莓果实属高氨基酸、高锌、高钙、高铁、高铜、高维生素的营养保健果品。它不仅具有良好的营养保健作用,还具有防止脑神经老化、强心、抗癌软化血管、增强人机体免疫等功能。近年来,蓝莓在市场上得到追崇,在国外,一般家庭的种植需求也在激增。但由于其扦插繁殖存在困难等,严重制约了其推广与规模化生产。目前,已有相关的研究报道了蓝莓的扦插技术,但针对不同的扦插基质和其pH的不同对不同栽培品种的扦插技术研究未形成体系。在整个上海域内地势平坦,属于长江三角洲冲积平原。境内大小河流密布,属亚热带海洋季风性气候,温暖湿润、四季分明,常年平均气温15.4℃,全年平均日照2047.3h,全年降水量充足,年平均降水量为111.7 mm,年均雨日136d,作物生长期平均233d;植物生长期内丰富的光、热、水资源十分有利于农作物和林木的生长发育。本人基于上海的优良气候条件,在位于上海松江地区的“上海瑞沃农业科技有限公司”进行了下面所述的实验。根据不同的基质组合以及基质pH的不同,对蓝莓扦插繁殖存活率影响的探究。实验中比较了三种不同基质组合以及相同基质在不同pH时对实验结果的影响。为了使得蓝莓扦插繁得到成功,应该选用草炭与珍珠岩按1:1的比例组合且pH为5时的条件。插条的生根情况可以用来判断扦插枝条是否成活。8813
关键字  蓝莓;扦插繁殖;基质pH值;基质
The Efficient Breeding Technology of  Blueberry in Shanghai
Abstract  Blueberry fruits belong to high amino acids, high zinc, calcium, iron, copper, vitamin nutritional health fruit. It not only has good nutrition health care function, but also has to prevent brain aging, strong heart, anti-cancer, soften blood vessels, and strengthen the body's immune function. In recent years,  blueberries have admired in the market, in foreign countries, general families are also proliferating in growing demand. But because of its cutting propagation difficulty and so on, seriously restricting the promotion and mass production. At present, the existing relevant research reports the blueberry cuttings technology, but according to different cutting substrates and the pH of different cutting technology research of different cultivated varieties did not form a system. Throughout the area on the flat, belonging to the Yangtze river delta alluvial plain. Size in river, belongs to the subtropical Marine monsoon climate, four seasons, warm and humid, all the year round average  temperature of 15.4 ℃, annual average sunshine 2047.3 h, annual rainfall is adequate, an average annual rainfall is 111.7 mm, annual average 136 d rain days, the crop growth period an average of 233 d; Plant growth period rich light, heat, water is very beneficial to the growth of crops and forest trees. I good climatic conditions based on Shanghai, in Shanghai's songjiang district "harry worley on agricultural science and technology co., LTD." has carried on the experiment described below. According to the different matrix composition and pH of different matrix, study of effect on blueberry cutting propagation of survival. According to the different matrix composition and pH of different matrix, study of effect on blueberry cutting propagation of survival. In order to make blueberry cuttings numerous success, should choose peat and perlite combination according to 1:1 proportion and the conditions of pH of 5. Cuttings rooting situation can be used to judge whether cutting branches.

源自六^维&论*文-网.加7位QQ3249`114 www.lwfree.cn


Keywords  blueberries;Cutting propagation;The pH of substrate;The substrate
目录
1.    绪论
  1.1越橘属植物简介1
  1.2越橘属植物形态特征1
  1.3蓝莓商业品种介绍1
  1.4蓝莓扦插繁殖的研究价值2 上海地区蓝莓高效繁殖技术研究:http://www.lwfree.cn/shengwu/20170518/7284.html
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