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徐州市小南湖公园植物配置调查

时间:2019-09-27 21:15来源:毕业论文
采用抽样调查的方法对徐州市小南湖公园植物种类和植物配置情况进行了调查分析。目前小南湖公园的绿化植物大约有60种,其中乔木22种,灌木24种,草本8种,藤本1种,竹类1种,水生

摘要:本文采用抽样调查的方法对徐州市小南湖公园植物种类和植物配置情况进行了调查分析。目前小南湖公园的绿化植物大约有60种,其中乔木22种,灌木24种,草本8种,藤本1种,竹类1种,水生植物4种。根据数量性状的分析,发现公园中应用频率较高的树种为垂柳、龙柏、水杉等,灌木中以海桐、红叶石楠运用最多。通过物种丰富度分析,发现公园中物种多样性处于较好的水平。分析了小南湖公园树种和花卉的应用形式,总结出了公园内植物配置的特点:层次清晰,过渡自然,生长良好;植物观赏特性强;植物多样性较好;树种应用方式丰富;水岸景观优美。并分析指出该公园在植物配置方面的问题:大乔木种类较为单一; 花卉应用方式单调;部分植物过于追求美学效果,忽视其生态特性;垂直绿化稀少;植物景观养护管理不到位;缺少意境美的体现。最后,针对存在问题提出了相应的建议。39674
毕业论文关键词:徐州市小南湖;树种种类;植物配置;调查
Investigation on Plants Configuration of Xiaonanhu Park in Xuzhou
Abstract:This paper adopts the method of sampling survey to investigate the plant species and configuration in Xiaonanhu Park.Currently,there were approximately 60 kinds of plants in Xiaonanhu Park,including 22 kinds of arbor,24 kinds of shrub,8 kinds of herbal,one kind of vine,one kind of bamboo and 4 kinds of aquatic plants. According to the analysis of quantitative trait, the trees used in highest frequency in the park were Salix babylonica,Sabina chinensis cv Kaizuka,Metasequoia glyptostroboides and so on.Among shrubs ,Photinia x fraseri and Pittosporum tobia were used in highest frequency.The persity of species in the park was in a good level with the analysis of species richness.Then the application forms of trees and flowers were analysed and the arrangement of plants in the park were summarized:clear layer,natural transition,growing healthy;high ornamental value of plants;better persity of species;rich application ways on plant landscape-making;beautiful scene of water’s edge.Meanwhile,the following problems were found:simple tree species; poor application ways on flowers;ignoring some plants’ ecological characteristic for excessive pursuit of aesthetic effect;rare vertical greening; unfulfillment on plants’ maintenance management;lack the reflection of poetic imagery beauty of plants.At last,the corresponding suggestions were put forward on the existing problems.
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Key Words:Xiaonanhu Park;Plant species;Arrangement of plants;Investigation
 目录
引言    1
1 小南湖公园概况    2
2 调查内容与方法    3
2.1调查方法    3
2.2数量特征分析方法    3
3 调查结果与分析    4
3.1 公园绿化植物构成    4
3.2 树种的数量性状分析    5
3.3 物种丰富度分析    7
3.4 植物配置分析    8
3.5 植物景观特点    10
4 问题与建议    11
4.1大乔木种类较为单一    11
4.2 花卉应用方式单调    11
4.3 部分植物过于追求美学效果,忽视其生态特性    12
4.4 垂直绿化稀少    12
4.5 植物景观养护管理不到位    12
4.6 缺少意境美的体现    12
5 总结    13
致谢    13
参考文献    13
附录    15
引言
城市公园绿地既能够保护和改善城市生态环境,又能为市民提供空间放松自己,调节心情,使市民的生活质量得到提升[1]。植物是构成园林景观的五大要素之一,在园林建设中占有重要的地位。城市绿地系统的主体为植物群落,而植物群落的生长状况、种类组成、群落结构,在很大程度上影响了园林绿地多种功能的发挥,决定着城市园林绿化的质量和水平,因此科学合理的园林植物配置对保护城市生物多样性、营造和谐的居住环境等具有重要意义[2]。 徐州市小南湖公园植物配置调查:http://www.lwfree.cn/shengwu/20190927/40056.html
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