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从批判话语视角看美国媒体对中国形象的塑造

时间:2017-02-08 21:19来源:英语论文
英语论文从批判话语视角看美国媒体对中国形象的塑造,采用文本分析的方法对美国媒体对华报道中所运用的及物性、情态等方面进行分析及批判,力图揭示美国媒体在涉华报道上存在的

摘要近些年来,随着中国国际地位的提高,越来越多的媒体也将目光投向了这片位于世界东方的神秘土地。在此过程中,各种各样的负面新闻报道层出不穷。西方媒体,尤以美国媒体为代表,对中国的政治制度,经济发展,人权状况有意无意地做出了许多片面的解读,使中国国家形象和国际声望受到了很大程度的损害。
   本论文试图从批判话语视角出发,以美国媒体对乌坎事件的两则报道作为语篇,借鉴目前已发展较为成熟的批判语言学理论,以系统功能语言学为基础,采用文本分析的方法对美国媒体对华报道中所运用的及物性、情态等方面进行分析及批判,力图揭示美国媒体在涉华报道上存在的歪曲事实,丑化中国形象的现状,为读者有甄别地阅读相关报道带来启示。5594
关键词  中国   形象   西方媒体   报道   批判话语分析
毕 业 论 文 外 文 摘 要
Title  A Critical Discourse Analysis of China’s Image in American Media
Abstract
In the past few years, with the substantial improvement of China’s international status, China gains an increasing amount of attention from worldwide media. During this process, various sorts of negative reports surfaced. Western media, represented by American media, made numerous inaccurate interpretations about China’s political system, economic development and human rights circumstances, which, to a large extent, tarnished China’s national image and international reputation.
This thesis takes a critical discourse analysis approach and collects two typical samples reports about Wukan event. On basis of Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar, the essay adopts a text analysis method to critically analyze the linguistic devices, such as modality and transitivity, which are involved in the news coverage of American media, in an effort to uncover the status quo that American media distort the fact and vilify China’s image and provide reference to readers in an effort to critically evaluate these reports. 源`自*六)维[论*文'网www.lwfree.cn
Keywords   China   image   western   media   reports   CDA
Table of Contents    
1  Introduction .1
1.1  Need for the study...1
1.2  Research Questions and Significance of the study..........2
2  Literature Review2
2.1  National Image2
2.2  Critical Discourse Analysis3
2.3  The Analytical Method of the Study8
3  The Critical Analysis of News reports: a case study9
3.1  Lexical Classification11
3.2  Transitivity12
3.3  Transformation14
3.4  Modality16
3.5  Intertexuality 17
4 Conclusion ...19
Acknowledgements...20
Bibliography.21
1 Introduction
1.1 Need for the Study
The advance of technology renders the news media a crucial platform for people to approach this more and more integrated world. However, it has long been argued that mainstream media is not necessarily a reflection of social reality. In fact, various economic, political attitudes and values are frequently involved in news reports which directly distort the media to run its course of providing objective and fact-based reports. The complexity of reporters’ intention beneath news coverage highlights the importance of independent thinking of a news reader.
For more than thirty years, China has been enjoying an eye-catching economic development which dwarfs any other single country in the world. The frequency of its presence in the reports of major international media depicts a substantial improvement of its international status. However, as a coin has two sides, the negative impact of this “popularity” also became increasingly visible. Many negative and stereotyped images are imposed on China, intentionally or inadvertently. 从批判话语视角看美国媒体对中国形象的塑造:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20170208/2683.html
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