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从小说《远大前程》看世人的憧憬与期待时事的艰辛与悲凉

时间:2017-08-08 13:28来源:英语论文
Earthly Longing and Expectation, Hardship and Desolation of the Times, Reflected in Great Expectations从小说《远大前程》看世人的憧憬与期待时事的艰辛与悲凉
摘 要查尔斯.狄更斯是英国最伟大的批判现实主义作家之一。《远大前程》是他最成熟的作品之一,也是他晚期的作品。《远大前程》叙述了一个青年幻想破灭的故事。金钱使匹普从一个穷学徒变为阔少爷,使他染上了上流社会的恶习。没有了金钱使他的远大前程幻灭。本文描写匹普以及围绕在他周围的人对远大前程的追求与憧憬和远大前程的破灭,反映社会的黑暗与残酷。本文采用文本细读的方式,结合当时的社会背景,通过分析小说中人物对梦想的追求和破灭,进而深化了对小说主题意蕴的理解。12288
关键词:远大前程;破灭;憧憬与期待;社会背景
Abstract
Charles Dickens is one of the greatest British realistic novelists. Great Expectations is one of Dickens most successful works, and it is his work of comparably later period. Great Expectations tells us a story of young man whose exceptions became disillusion. Money made Pip grow from a poor man to a rich people, but he also developed some bad habits of the upper class. Without money, Pip’s great expectations are shattered. This paper describes that of Pip’s earthly longing and expectation, and the disillusionment of the “great expectation”, the darkness and hardships of that time. This paper is written in a way of intensive reading of the text combine with the social background through analyze, showing the main character’s pursuit of his dream. So that understanding of the theme of Great Expectations is greatly deepened and enlarged.
Key words: Great Expectations; disillusion; longing and expectation; social background
 Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
Ⅰ. Introduction    1
Ⅱ. Pip’s Pursuing Love in Two Stages    2
2.1 Pip’s Primitive Pursuing of Love    2
2.2 Pip’s Love for Fanatical Pursuit    3
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2.3 Pip’s Failure in Pursuit of Estella’s Love    5
Ⅲ. Pip’s Blind Pursuit of a Gentleman’s Status and Wealth    6
3.1 Pip’s Pursuit of Being an Upper-class Gentleman    6
3.1.1 The Root Cause of Pip’s Pursuit it of Being an Upper-class Gentleman    6
3.1.2 Analysis of Pip’s Dream Disillusion of Being a Gentleman    7
3.1.3 True Gentleman    9
3.2 Pip’s Greed for Wealth    10
3.2.1 The Causes of Pip’s Pursuit of Money    10
3.2.2 Attacks Upon Venality of the English Middle Class    12
Ⅳ. Pip’s Psychological Conversions    13
4.1 Development of Pip’s Cognitive Ability    13
4.2 Pip’s Getting Confused Between Reality and Dream    13
4.3 Pip’s Internal Conflict    14
Ⅴ. Conclusion    16
Bibliography    17
Acknowledgements    18
Earthly Longing and Expectation, Hardship and Desolation of the Times, Reflected in Great Expectations.

Ⅰ. Introduction

Great Expectations is one of the most famous novels of Charles Dickens. This story talks about a poor man, Pip who got a lot of money, and wanted to become an upper-class gentleman. Pip is an orphan child, brought by his fierce-tempered sister “by hand” (Dickens 8). Mrs. Joe Gargery, Pip’s sister, is an outrageous woman. She was always grumbling because Pip’s coming brought the difficult task. Only Pip’s brother-in-low, Joe Gargery, gentle, good-natured, sweet-tempered, could bring to Pip some comfort. During this time, Pip’s dream was to be a blacksmith like Joe and live a life as the ordinary people. Wandering in the churchyard in a late afternoon, Pip met an escaped convict, Abel Magwitch, and helped him against his will. When Pip was taken to the home of Miss Havisham, he was tormented by the contempt of her beautiful adopted daughter, Estella. Estella’s facial expression and eyes’ contact all bring tremendous shock and impact on Pip. In order to change Estella’s arrogant attitude to him, Pip vowed to become a gentleman in the future. With the help of an anonymous benefactor, Pip got a chance of being educated in London. He thought that the benefactor was Miss Havisham, and believed when he has become a gentleman he would marry Estella. But he became snob, instead of a gentleman. Magwitch turned out to be the benefactor. When he died, Pip’s “great expectations” was come to an end. The novel Great Expectations is a story about how the circumstances influenced Pip’s character and dream. In other words, it is a story about the idea that money can purchase a gentleman. 从小说《远大前程》看世人的憧憬与期待时事的艰辛与悲凉:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20170808/12001.html
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