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浅析美国西部牛仔文化

时间:2017-11-08 18:53来源:英语论文
An Analysis of the American Western Cowboy Culture浅析美国西部牛仔文化
摘要“牧牛王国”的黄金时期虽然短暂,但它在美国历史上写下了壮丽的篇章。牛仔作为“牧牛王国”的建设者,虽然也仅仅辉煌了20年,但其对美国的经济、政治、文化等方面所产生的影响却是深远的。本文先从内战后牛仔大量产生的历史背景做了详细分析,说明牛仔的大量出现并非偶然,而是在“牧牛王国”兴起的基础上产生的。然后是写牛仔文化及其对美国社会的影响。最后通过对牛仔文化和牛仔精神的具体分析,使人们意识到牛仔文化虽是牛仔留给人类的最宝贵的遗产,但也要辩证的看待牛仔文化。14949
关键词:牛仔;牛仔文化;牛仔精神
Abstract    Although the golden age of the “cattle kingdom” is short, it wrote a magnificent chapter in the history of the United States. The cowboys who are considered as the builders of the “cattle kingdom” have just been glorious for only 20 years, but their effects on American economy, politics, culture and other aspects are profound. At first, this article makes a detailed analysis of the background of the cowboy. The cowboy proliferation is not an accident but is on the basis of the “cattle kingdom” rise. Then the paper talks about the cowboy culture and the influence on American society. At last, through the specific analysis of the cowboy culture and the cowboy spirits the thesis is to make people aware that the cowboy culture is cowboys’ most precious heritage to mankind, and it also should be treated dialectically.
Key words: cowboy; cowboy culture; the spirit of cowboy
An Analysis of the American Western Cowboy Culture
Contents

摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. The Development of Cowboy    2
 2.1 The Birth of the Cowboy    2

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 2.2 The Reasons for the Cowboy’s Rise    2
 2.3 Cowboys’ Living Condition    4
  2.3.1 Cowboys’ Work    4
  2.3.2 Cowboys’ Images    4
  2.3.3 Cowboys’ Status    5
 2.4 The Death of the Cowboy Era    5
III. Cowboy Culture’s Influence on American Social Life    6
 3.1 The Influence on Clothing    6
  3.1.1 Boots    6
  3.1.2 Jeans    7
  3.1.3 Hats    7
 3.2 Influence on Music and Poetry    8
 3.3 Influence on Language    9
IV. The Spirit of the Cowboy    10
V. Conclusion    13
Bibliography    14
Acknowledgments    15
I. Introduction

    “The word cowboy originated in Spanish, which is the literal translation of the Spanish word ‘Vaquero’. ‘Vaquero’ develops in the root ‘vaca’, which means ‘cow’, so ‘Vaquero’(Cowman) translated into English is ‘Cowboy’ ”(J. Li 46). As the pioneers in the 15th century Spanish coming to America, they also brought their method of domesticating animals into America, leaving a remarkable mark in Mexico, western United States and Canada.
“Cowboy is very popular in the United States and even in the world as the most heroic and romantic figure in western United States. They are living in the west of North America as steppe nomads in the 19th century in the American westward movement, and they are the main force of the development in the western United States”(Q.Li 90). They are famous for theirs boldness and unrestrained ways of life. Because of renderings of the western novels and movies, the cowboy image who are bold, brave, and kind has deeply rooted in the hearts of people. And the cowboy image has become a symbol of American culture. What is more, Cowboy’s positive, optimistic, industrious, brave and indomitable fighting spirits have been extended to the American spirit. “Despite the cowboy era declined rapidly after a short period of booming, today, the people are surprised to find that cowboy era, though short, the charm of which is still like a magnet attracting millions of people’s hearts, even had a profound impact in the world”(Q. Li 90). The clothes which mark the cowboy identity is very popular among people, including cowboy hats, boots, suits, shirts, vests, towels, gloves, raincoats and other decorations, and so on. All these elements of cowboy are evolved into various famous brands, styles, fashionable and unique cowboy clothing series, becoming a magnificent flower in the world clothing culture. Jeans swept the world and in many countries even once considered a fashion cowboy-themed “Western music” is an important part of the cowboy culture. 浅析美国西部牛仔文化:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20171108/15688.html
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