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美国新闻报道中政治委婉语的语用解读

时间:2017-12-06 21:22来源:英语论文
A Pragmatic Analysis to Political Euphemsim in American News Reports美国新闻报道中政治委婉语的语用解读
摘要本文旨在通过对美国著名的三大报纸(华盛顿时报,纽约时报以及今日美国)中所出现的新闻进行搜集,分类以及分析,挑选其中具有代表性的新闻,从政治、经济、社会三个层面对政治委婉语以及它的作用有更好的理解。结合特定的时代环境以及社会背景,结合语用学理论,从理论到实际应用对委婉语进行分析。这不仅能帮助学生更好地了解美国文化及价值观,也能帮助解决跨文化交流所遇到的问题。另外,还能帮助学生提高读写技巧、更好地欣赏新闻及阅读材料、更好地理解和掌握委婉语。16250
关键词  委婉语   政治   新闻   语用学   重要性
毕业论文外文摘要
Title A Pragmatic Analysis to Political Euphemsim in American News Reports
Abstract
This thesis aims to have a better understanding of the usage of political euphemism in American news through collecting, classifying and analyzing some typical news pieces appearing in the three famous newspapers, Washington Post, New York Times, and USA Today from political, economical and social perspectives with pragmatic theories. Combined with specific contexts and background, we can know political euphemism from theoretical statement to practical application. It can not only help students know more about the culture and values of America, but also assist in handling some problems caused by the cross-cultural communication. It can cultivate the students’ competence in writing and reading skills and better appreciate news and other materials, and help students know more deeply and master more quickly about euphemism.
Keywords   euphemism   political   news broadcast   pragmatic importance

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Table of Contents
1.  Introduction    1
1.1  Research Background1
1.2  Significance of the Study2
1.3  Organization of This Paper2
2.  Literature Review    2
2.1  Definition of Euphemism3
2.2  Classification of Euphemism    4
2.3  Functions of Euphemism.5  
2.4  The Origin of Political Euphemism6
2.5  New characteristics of Euphemism Research from Pragmatic Perspective7
3.  Research Methodology    10
3.1  Data Collection    10
3.2  Analysis of Political Euphemisms    10
4.  Implication of Study    14
Conclusion    15
Acknowledgements    16
Bibliography    17
Appendix18
1.    Introduction
As a variation of normal language, euphemism has attracted great amount of attention since long time ago. When it was referred to in the political register, political euphemism comes into being. One important characteristic of American political news broadcast is the frequent employment of political euphemism. A pragmatic analysis of political euphemism can help English L2 students better understand the true meaning of political news and make good use of political euphemism if necessary.

1.1 Research background
Euphemism can date back to the Ancient Greek word, that eu- means “good” and -pheme means “speaking” or “saying”, so the whole word means “to speak with good words or in a pleasant manner.”(Neaman&Silver,1983). In other words, euphemism is to use favorable expressions to take place of those offensive ones. In the original times, people use it to avoid taboo words because they could not explain things such as small illnesses, death as well as some supernatural things. However, in modern society, it is mainly used to avoid using sensitive, offensive or awkward words. 源自六;维,论/文.网*加7位QQ324`9114 www.lwfree.cn

As an important part of culture, euphemism is a mild and indirect language to express the speaker’s true meaning instead of being direct and rude, in order to produce a less offensive effect. It is a polite language, which save the listener’s face at the same time shows the speaker’s nurture, so that it has been widely used in interpersonal communication.(Li Xue, 2006). It is necessary for the purpose of a successful communication. 美国新闻报道中政治委婉语的语用解读:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20171206/17520.html
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