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中国侠士精神与西方骑士精神比较研究

时间:2018-04-29 11:41来源:英语论文
A Comparative Study of Chinese Chivalrymanhood and Western Knightship英语论文中国侠士精神与西方骑士精神比较研究

摘要侠士精神是中国传统民族精神的一个重要组成部分,在我国历史上源远流长。在当代西方社会中,尽管中世纪骑士制度已经消失,但骑士精神作为一种文化现象和西方社会的道德规则,却从未消失,并且受到很多学者的关注。中国侠士与西方骑士都有一种英勇无畏,劫富济贫的豪侠精神,这些共同的气质构成了他们比较的基础。本文先讨论了这两种精神出现的社会条件,然后比较侠士精神与骑士精神的相似之处,如:两种精神对勇敢的推崇,对慷慨的赞赏以及保护妇女弱小,救助贫苦大众都看作是应尽的义务。最后论文比较了二者的不同之处。这两种精神的不同之处影响了各自的文化,形成了各自不同的特色。21979
毕业论文关键词:侠士精神;骑士精神;比较研究
 Abstract
Chinese chivalrymanhood is an important part of traditional Chinese national spirits. In modern western society, knightship, as a cultural phenomenon and moral principles in western society, never ceases to exist although medieval knight system died out. And many scholars pay attention to knightship. Chinese chivalrymen and western knights all have the gallant spirits of bravery, as well as robbing the rich and helping the poor, all of which forms the basis for their comparision. This paper firstly introduces the social conditions for the emergence of the two spirits. And then the paper discusses the similarities between them. Such as, bravery, generosity, and defence for women and children. Finally, the paper makes a comparative study of the differences between the two spirits. Then, the paper concludes that the two spirits are important components of Chinese and western cultures and have great influence on Chinese and westerners’ thinking patterns, which in turn affect the intercultural communication.

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Key words: Chinese chivalrymanhood, western knightship, comparative study
A Comparative Study of Chinese Chivalrymanhood and Western Knightship
Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. The Social Conditions for the Emergence of the Two Spirits    2
2.1 The Social Conditions for the Emergence of Western Knightship    2
2.2 The Social Conditions for the Emergence of Chinese Chivalrymanhood    4
Ⅲ.Similarities Between Chinese Chivalrymanhood and Western Knightship    6
3.1 Bravery    6
3.2 Generosity    8
3.3 Protection for the Weak, the Helpless, Women and Children    9
Ⅳ.Differences Between Chinese Chivalrymanhood and Western Knightship    10
4.1 Rebellious Spirit Versus Enclitic Spirit    10
4.2 Faithfulness Versus Loyalty    12
4.3 Different Attitudes Toward Love and Women    14
Ⅴ. Conclusion    16
Bibliography    18
Acknowledgements    19
I. Introduction

In modern Chinese society, Chinese chivalrymanhood plays a significant role in our society, especially at a time when we promote truth, kindness and beauty and try to construct a harmonious society. So we can see that Chinese chivalrymanhood is an important part of Chinese national spirits and runs a long history. Meanwhile, in modern western societies, knightship remains alive in western people’s mind though medieval knight system died out centuries ago. As a cultural phenomenon and ethnic spirit of western societies, western knightship has attracted lots of attention of many scholars who all extol knightship and knight culture. Chinese chivalrymen and western knights are all brave, generous, and tend to help the poor, the old, women, and children. Those common characters lay the foundation for making a comparative study of Chinese chivalrymanhood and western knightship. 中国侠士精神与西方骑士精神比较研究 :http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20180429/14432.html
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