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英语教学中跨文化意识的培养

时间:2018-06-24 09:48来源:英语论文
Cultivation of Intercultural Awareness in English Teaching,英语论文英语教学中跨文化意识的培养

摘要语言与文化密切相关,外语学习实际上是一种文化学习。英语教学的目的是为了培养学生的交际能力,它包括语言能力,也包括社会文化能力。培养学生的跨文化意识有助于学生更好地掌握和运用英语,使他们认识到英语学习的同时也是文化学习,只有这样才能真正学会该语言。本文将对跨文化意识做一个明确的定义,讨论源语言文化与目标语言文化之间的差异,并且对跨文化教学中存在的问题提出建议,最后关于这个话题做出一个结论,目的是为了提高学生运用英语交流的能力。24667
毕业论文关键词: 英语教学; 跨文化意识; 途径
Abstract Language and culture are closely related with each other. Foreign language learning is in fact cultural learning. English teaching is designed to train students in communicative ability; it includes language ability, and social and cultural capabilities. This paper sets out to give a clear definition of intercultural teaching, and talk about the differences between the source language culture and the target language culture. Finally, it makes a conclusion about the topic and gives some suggestions about how to deal with the problems existing in intercultural teaching. The purpose is to improve students’ ability to use English to communicate.
Key word: English teaching; intercultural awareness; method
Contents
摘要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. Cultural Differences Between English and Chinese    2
2.1 Differences in Geographical Background    2
2.2 Differences in Custom    3 源¥自%六:维;论-文'网=www.lwfree.cn
2.3 Differences in Thinking    4
2.4 Differences in Body Language    5
III. Existing problems in English Teaching    6
3.1 Conceptual Problem    7
3.2 Gap Between Cultural Knowledge and Cultural Application in Communication    8
3.3 Gap Between Cultural Knowledge and Cultural Understanding    8
IV. Methods of Cultivating Students' Intercultural Awareness    9
4.1 Direct Instruction    9
4.2 Comparative Study    10
4.3 Role Playing Method    11
4.4 Interest-Stimulated Method    11
V. Conclusion    12
Bibliography    14
Acknowledgements    15
Cultivation of Intercultural Awareness in English Teaching
I. Introduction
English language and Chinese language are under different cultural backgrounds, so people of different culture backgrounds have their own cultural awareness inevitably. Awareness refers to the react of human brain to subjective material world, and it is the summary of feelings, thoughts and so on. Culture is product of human awareness. As people’s recognitive pattern are different, people’s thoughts are different, so the culture of people from different societies are different inevitably. Intercultural awareness in intercultural communication refers to the basic capacity of human to create unique culture and understanding to the different concepts and behaviors of people from different societies. Cultural awareness involves a gradually developing inner sense of the equality of cultures, an increased understanding of your own and other people’s cultures, and a positive interest in how cultures both connect and differ. Such awareness can broaden the mind, increase tolerance and facilitate international communication. The intercultural awareness in English teaching contains four aspects: the understanding of source country and target countries’ general culture like geography, history, literature, music, art and education; the understanding and recognition to the fact that source nation and target nations’ behavior culture contains and the belief and value that behavior culture reflects; spreading national culture and absorbing good parts of foreign culture; improving the self-quality though integration of source culture and target culture and formulate right wealth value and personality development. 英语教学中跨文化意识的培养:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20180624/18268.html
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