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论中美时间观的文化差异

时间:2018-09-17 17:25来源:英语论文
Cultural Differences on Temporal Concept Between the US and China英语论文论中美时间观的文化差异

摘 要时间观是非语言交际中非常重要的一部分,不同文化塑造了人们不同的时间取向。像其它价值观念一样,时间观念因不同文化背景而存在差异。本文对比研究中美时间行为差异:中国人的过去观和美国人的未来观;中国人的长期取向和美国人的短期取向;中国的圆式时间观念和线性时间观念并存,而美国人属于线性时间观念等等。了解中美文化不同的时间价值观,懂得不同民族的文化差异可以帮助我们有效地同美国人进行跨文化交流,避免失误,以促进跨文化交际的成功。28320
毕业论文关键词: 时间观;文化差异;跨文化交际
Abstract
The concept of time is a very important part in nonverbal communication, and different cultures shape different time views. Just like other value views, different time views form under different cultural backgrounds. This thesis will study Sino-US different time views: Chinese people’s Past-oriented time view and American’s Future-oriented time view, Chinese people’s Long-term orientation time view and American’s Short-term orientation time view, Chinese people’s Cyclically time view and American’s Linearly time view and so on. Understanding the different cultural differences can help us to effectively deal with cross-cultural communication with Americans to avoid making mistakes in order to promote cross-cultural communication.
 Keywords: concept of time; cultural persity; cross-cultural communication
Cultural Differences on Temporal Concept Between the US and China
Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
Ⅰ.Introduction    1
Ⅱ.Temporal Concept    2
2.1 The Formation of Temporal Concept    2
2.2 The Influences of Temporal Concept    2
源自[六^维$论'文}网(加7位QQ3249`114 www.lwfree.cn

2.3 Some Previous Studies on Temporal Concept    3
Ⅲ. Different Temporal Concepts Between the US and China    4
3.1 Past-oriented and Future-oriented    4
3.2 Long- term Orientation and Short- term Orientation    6
3.3 Linearly Time View and Cyclically Time View    9
3.4 Monochromic-time and Polymorphic-time    11
Ⅳ. Conclusion    13
Bibliography    15
Acknowledegments    16
I. Introduction

Time is a common definition shared by most people in the society and it will greatly influence people’s behaviors and minds. American anthropologist Hall believes that time will not talk, but it will send more clear information than language. However, people in different countries treat time in different views. With the trend of globalization, the US and China are facing more and more chances to communicate with each other. Through the study of concept of time, we can see that the two countries have different concepts of time to understand the root causes of the cultural differences. The differences on time view between China and the US can be attributed to differences in history, political forms, social status, religion and philosophy and other cultural values. The main way to solve cultural conflicts is to strengthen cultural communication and mutual understanding about the studies of temporal concepts between Chinese and Americans so that we can not only see the cultural differences in temporal concept, but also understand the fundamental and profound cultural factors which underlie these differences. And then we may be clear about how to resolve the conflicts and problems triggered by temporal concept, so as to communicate smoothly and successfully. Time, a cognitive concept shared by most of the human societies, imposes strong impact on human’s saying and doing subtly and invisibly. Time view is gradually formed in the course of people knew and changed this world and it is hardly changed once formed. In addition, time views will control people’s behaviors unconsciously. In turn, certain words and behaviors will also reflect a certain concept of time, sending some information of time. Therefore, as a way of non-verbal communication and interpersonal communication, it can express thoughts, feelings, exchanges of information, and also has its own unique features. 论中美时间观的文化差异:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20180917/23109.html
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