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大学生就业观的跨文化研究

时间:2019-01-08 21:16来源:英语论文
A Cross-cultural Examination On University Graduates' Career Goal英语论文大学生就业观的跨文化研究

Acknowledgments  My writing of this thesis is nearing completion and I would like to express my gratitude to all those who helped me during the writing of this thesis.
I gratefully acknowledge the help of my superior, Ms. Jing Xu, who has offered me valuable suggestions during my thesis writing. She has spent much time reading through each draft and provided me with inspiring advice. Without her patient instruction, insightful criticism and expert guidance, the completion of this thesis would not have been possible.
I also owe a special debt of gratitude to all the teachers in the School of Foreign Languages, from whose devoted lectures I have benefited a lot and academically prepared for the thesis. I am also deeply indebted to all the other tutors for their direct and indirect help to me.32436
At last my thanks would go to my beloved family for their loving considerations and great confidence in me all through these years. I also owe my sincere gratitude to my friends and my fellow classmates who gave me their help and time in listening to me and helping me work out my problems during the difficult course of the thesis. 
Abstract In recent years, due to the economic slump, many companies face cutbacks on personnel. With an increasingly fierce competition in job hunting nowadays, the employment has already become a common concern. Under the current circumstances, graduates are difficult to be employed while their career goals play an important role in their future career direction to a certain extent.
It is known that the graduates from different cultures hold different thoughts on career goal. Through Hofstede’s culture dimensions, the deep-rooted reasons why Chinese graduates are confused towards the selection of their careers are going to be explored. The history, family and education in different countries make these dimensions different on career goal. In Western, personal values and social values have largely determined their career goal. Compared to Chinese graduates, they are more independent. They hope to gain a favorite job by their personal ability. In contrast, Chinese graduates are only eager for a stable job and a comfortable life. 源`自*六)维[论*文'网www.lwfree.cn
My thesis falls into five parts. The first part serves as an introduction. The second part aims at analyzing the graduates’ different occupational status. In the third part, Hofstede’s culture dimensions build a theoretical foundation for the analysis of the reasons behind. The fourth part points out that the current situations are caused by the differences in history, family and education between China and western countries. The last part summarizes Chinese graduates should learn some good parts on career goal from western graduates. From this paper, the current university students can establish a correct and healthy career view since the very beginning of the entrance to the universities.
Keywords: career goal, cultural dimensions, comparative analysis
摘要近年来,由于经济不景气,许多公司都面临裁员的窘境。在找工作竞争日益激烈的今天,就业问题已成为普遍关注的焦点。在当前形势下,大学生就业困难。所以,在一定程度上,职业观决定了他们今后的工作方向。
然而,来自于不同文化背景下的毕业生拥有着不同的价值观。通过霍夫斯泰德的文化参数理论,我们可以挖掘中国大学生就业迷茫的深层原因。不同的历史、教育和家庭影响了他们的职业观。在西方, 个人价值和社会价值很大程度上决定了他们的就业观。而中国学生更功利性,他们非常在乎表面的利益,忽略了自己的喜好。中国大学生相比西方的大学生显得更独立自主,他们希望通过自己的努力获得一份他们真正热爱的工作。相比而言,中国毕业生更渴望依靠于父母获得一份稳定的工作和舒适的生活。
我的文章一共分为五类。第一部分是为介绍。第二部分是为了分析毕业生的不同就业现状。第三部分,通过霍夫斯泰德的文化参数理论来解释是什么文化参数导致了这些情况。第四部分指出当前的这些现状是由于中西方之间不同的历史,家庭和教育造成的。 我希望我的论文能帮助当代大学生在他们年轻时就建立一个正确和健康的职业观。 大学生就业观的跨文化研究:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20190108/29007.html
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