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阿格妮丝•赫勒的哲学思想看狄更斯《匹克威克外传》中人物的喜剧性

时间:2019-01-19 20:44来源:英语论文
Analysis of Characters’ Comedy in Charles Dickens’ The Pickwick Papers from the Perspective of Agnes Heller’s Philosophical Theories阿格妮丝•赫勒的哲学思想看狄更斯《匹克威克外传》中人物的喜剧性

摘要《匹克威克外传》是英国伟大现实主义作家狄更斯的第一部长篇小说,洋溢着乐观主义精神和幽默色彩的喜剧佳作。然而,至今为止,还没有学者将《匹克威克外传》中人物的喜剧性上升到哲学的层面来考量。笔者发现东欧新马克思主义的重要代表人物阿格妮丝•赫勒在她的著作《永恒的喜剧:艺术、文字和生活中的喜剧现象》中第一次赋予喜剧以崭新的哲学意义,开创了喜剧研究哲学的空间。因此,本论文试图在阿格妮丝•赫勒喜剧哲学思想的框架中,借用其道德美学和日常生活交往理论,从“成对”现象,美的性格和日常生活人道化三个方面入手,对狄更斯《匹克威克外传》中独到的喜剧手法和典型人物的喜剧性进行分析,并揭示出狄更斯掩藏在喜剧外表下的人道主义思想。32976
关键词  喜剧性  “成对”现象  道德  日常生活 人道主义
毕业论文外文摘要
Title   Analysis of Characters’ Comedy in Charles Dickens’ The Pickwick Papers from the Perspective of Agnes Heller’s Philosophical Theories
Abstract
The Pickwick Papers, an excellent comedy filled with optimistic spirit and humor, is the first novel of great English realistic writer Charles Dickens. Many scholars have done various studies on this comedy, but until now, few have tried to study its characters’ comedy from the perspective of philosophy. Agnes Heller, the representative of new Marxism in Eastern Europe, is the first person who uses philosophy to study comedy in her work The Immortal Comedy: The Comic Phenomenon in Art, Literature, and Life, which has paved the way for comedy study in the field of philosophy. Therefore, in the framework of Agnes Heller’s comedy philosophy as well as her moral aesthetics and theory of everyday life communication, this thesis analyzes the unique comedy techniques and typical characters’ comedy in The Pickwick Papers from three aspects: “the pairs” phenomenon, the beautiful character and humanity of everyday life, aiming to reveal Dickens’s humanitarianism under the mask of comedy at the same time.
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Key words  comedy  “The Pairs” phenomenon  morality  everyday life  humanitarianism
Table of Contents
1    Introduction    1
2   "The Pairs" Phenomenon    9
2.1  Definition of "The Pairs" Phenomenon    9
2.2  Master and Servant Pairing    9
2.3  Father and Son Pairing    11
3   The Beautiful Character    14
3.1  Definition of "The Beautiful Character"    14
3.2  Evildoer's Repentance    14

4    Humanity of Everyday Life    19
4.1  Definition of Humanity of Everyday Life    19
4.2  Illiberality in Political Elections    19
4.3  Ilequality in Judicial Administration    21
Conclusion    24
Acknowledgements    25
References    26
1 Introduction
Charles Dickens and The Pickwick Papers
Charles Dickens is the greatest writer in England in the 19th century. The topics of his works are various and deeply reflect the complicated social reality in England at that time, which has contributed to the formation and development of English critical realistic literature. With his extraordinary art skills and humorous language style, he has presented an all-inclusive picture of society in his works and has created lots of unforgettable literary figures. His major works are the early The Pickwick Papers, Oliver Twist, the middle David Copperfield, Dombey and Son and the late A Tale of Two Cities, Bleak House, Hard Times and Great Expectations. 阿格妮丝•赫勒的哲学思想看狄更斯《匹克威克外传》中人物的喜剧性:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20190119/29794.html
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