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灾难小说《路》与《迷雾》中的希望和绝望

时间:2019-03-10 21:30来源:英语论文
Contradiction between human nature and individualistic heroism in the contemporary disaster novel——hope and despair in The Road and The Mist当代灾难小说中人性与个人英雄主义的矛盾《路》与《迷雾》中的希望和绝

摘要近年来由于各种自然或人为灾害频发,灾难小说得到了人们更多的关注。同为美国畅销书作家,科马克•麦卡锡与斯蒂芬•金在灾难小说方面的辨识度可谓不相上下。本文从《迷雾》和《路》中的人物和情节安排出发,借用马斯洛的人性观点探讨小说中人性的展现,通过对比西方的个人式英雄主义与东方崇尚的集体英雄主义分析小说中英雄形象的实现,并结合小说人物情节,分析小说中所体现的个人英雄主义与完美人性、宗教提倡的人性之间的矛盾。33750
关键词  人性  个人英雄主义  矛盾
毕业论文外文 摘 要
Title Contradiction between human nature and inpidualistic heroism in the contemporary disaster novel——hope and despair in The Road and The Mist
Abstract
Because of various natural or man-made disasters, disaster novels have got more and more attention in recent years. As best-selling authors, Cormac McCarthy and Stephen King maintain similar identification in the aspect of the disaster novel. This paper tries to explore The Mist and The Road on the basis of characters and plots. It explores the realization of human nature by using the Maslow’s idea of human nature, studies the realization of the inpidualistic hero image of western countries through comparing inpidualistic hero images and collectivistic hero images advocated by eastern world. It also analyzes the contradictions between inpidualistic heroism and perfect mode of human nature as well as contradictions between inpidualistic heroism and humanity advocated by religion in the novels.
Keywords   Human nature   Inpidualistic heroism   Contradictions
Table of Contents
1.  Introduction    1
2.  Literature Review    2 源`自*六)维[论*文'网www.lwfree.cn
2.1  Previous Studies on The Road and The Mist    2
2.2  Previous Studies on Human Nature and Inpidualistic Heroism    3
3.  Human Nature and Inpidualistic Heroism in the Novels    4
3.1  Hope and Despair of Human Nature     4
3.2  Inpidualistic Heroism and Collectivism    6
4.  Contradictions in the Novels    7
4.1  Realization of the Perfect Mode of Human Nature    7
4.2  Inpidualistic Heroism and Human Nature Advocated by Religion    8
Conclusion    10
Acknowledgements    11
References    12
1.    Introduction
Because of various natural or man-made disasters, disaster novels have got more and more attention from people in recent years. Western countries,regarded as the main factory of disaster novel, have already formed a fixed mode of this kind of novels, that is, amplifying inpidualistic heroes in the disaster to reflect goodness and evilness of human nature. Novels like Cormac McCarthy’'s The Road and Stephen King’s The Mist have been adapted into films, which are highly praised by the audiences, and the contents of them are also typical among disaster novels.

The Road is a post-apocalyptic science fiction(Fang, 2012, p.69), and it mainly describes the story that when disaster came suddenly, cannibalism appeared among survivors, under which condition a father and his son stick to their own principle and continued their own interminable journey in searching for a warmer shelter. The Mist, likes The Road, tells a story after the sudden coming of the mysterious mist, when a group of people were trapped in a small supermarket. With danger both inside and outside, a father finally chose go into the dangerous mist with his son for the hope of surviving.

The Mist and The Road all set their background in a world suffering from the disaster, and the shinning points and dark sides of human nature are vividly presented in these two novels. The plot twists and turns, hope and despair coexisting. The inpidualistic hero images are amplified, though the hero images slightly differ, the contradictions between human nature and inpidualistic heroism in these two novels are very similar. 灾难小说《路》与《迷雾》中的希望和绝望:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20190310/31013.html
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