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初中生英语学习中的迁移现象分析

时间:2019-03-12 22:28来源:英语论文
The Analysis of Language Transfer in SLA—Taking Junior Middle School Students’ English Study for Example英语论文初中生英语学习中的迁移现象分析

摘 要“二语习得”的语言迁移现象在初中生英语教与学中普遍存在。国外很少有汉语环境中语言迁移的研究,而国内针对初中生的实证研究缺乏。本文用访谈法、试卷分析法和调查问卷法针对初中生英语学习的语言迁移现象进行实证研究,探索促进语言正向迁移的教学策略,优化初中英语教学,提高初中生英语学习效率。结果发现初中生在词汇、语法、逻辑这三个方面均有正负迁移现象,因此本文对初中英语教学提出以下建议:促进正迁移;正确对待学生的英语学习错误,消除学习者心理障碍;创造良好环境促进英语学习效率的提升。33779
毕业论文关键词:正迁移;负迁移;初中生;英语学习;二语习得
Abstract Language transfer in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is a common phenomenon in English teaching and learning in junior middle school. The research of language transfer in Chinese environment is absent in foreign countries, and the empirical research for junior middle school students is also absent at home. Thus this paper makes an analysis on language transfer in junior middle school students’ English study through interviewing and questionnaire, to explore teaching strategies and methods for promoting positive transfer and optimize English teaching and English learning. Based on the analysis of the survey, this paper found that both positive transfer and negative transfer exist in junior middle school students’ English learning on vocabulary, grammar and logic aspects. Therefore, some suggestions on English teaching and learning in junior middle school are offered as follow: English teachers should make good use of positive transfer of Chinese on English study, use right way to correct mistakes in students’ English study correctly and eliminate the psychological barriers of students’ English learning and create a good environment to improve the efficiency of English study. 源自$六L维W论L文W网)加7位QQ3249'114 www.lwfree.cn
Key words: positive transfer; negative transfer; junior middle school students; English study; second language acquisition
 Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. Literature Review    2
2.1 Overview of Language Transfer Studies    2
2.2 The Manifestation of Language Transfer    5
III. Research Design    6
3.1 Research Questions    6
3.2 Subjects    7
3.3 Research Methodology    7
3.4 Research Procedures    7
IV. Results and Analysis    7
4.1 Results and Analysis of Test Papers    8
4.2 Results and Analysis of Questionnaire    8
4.3 Results and Analysis of Interview    13
V. Conclusion    13
Bibliography    15
Appendix I    16
Appendix II    18
Acknowledgements    19
The Analysis of Language Transfer in SLA—Taking Junior Middle School Students’ English Study for Example
I. Introduction
 In recent years, English teaching in junior middle school in China has a kind of trend which encourages junior middle school students to forget the Chinese during the process of learning English in order to avoid the negative transfer of Chinese knowledge in learning English. However, junior middle school students have not learned much English but they have much knowledge about Chinese and hence they have already owned their won understanding towards the methods and strategies for learning English, and their English study is easily to be influenced by the positive or negative transfer of Chinese. Therefore, it is impossible for them to completely forget Chinese during the process of learning English.
The junior middle school students in China mainly study English in Chinese environment. Therefore, they lack of the opportunity to take advantage of English to carry out the communication because they regard English as a foreign language. Influenced by negative transfer of Chinese on English study, they often speak English in Chinese way. 初中生英语学习中的迁移现象分析:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20190312/31086.html
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