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焦虑理论分析《呼啸山庄》主要人物性格

时间:2019-04-06 21:54来源:英语论文
Wuthering Heights,Anxious Characters英语论文焦虑理论分析《呼啸山庄》主要人物性格

Acknowledgments My writing of this thesis has smoothly come to an end, and I hereby would like to extend my sincere gratitude to the following people for their selfless dedication and contribution to my thesis. 34311
One of the greatest joys during the writing of this thesis is discussing with people who have given not just their time and attention, but their hearts and souls as well. I would like to thank the following people for their dedication and contribution, without which the path to the finishing line would have been a whole lot more bumpy.
My profound gratitude first goes to Miss. Yang Hui, my supervisor, who has generously shared her inspirational and provocative ideas during many of our face-to-face discussion sessions. I will never forget that every Tuesday evening during this period, she has spared much of her precious time for me, reading and revising my paper—paragraph by paragraph.
I am also grateful to my classmates and roommates for their encouragement, support, comments and wise advice.
Last, I wish to devote this paper to my parents for their everlasting dedication that they have shown since I was just a little child.
Abstract
Wuthering Heights is a bizarre, strange love tragedy which mainly depicts the love triangle of the three main characters; namely Heathcliff, Catherine Earnshaw and Edgar Linton; and Heathcliff’s revenge to the Earnshaw and Linton family. Since its publication, the novel has aroused get concern in the critics. The work was studied from many different perspectives like feminism, moral discrimination and social observation. Author of this present thesis believes that the three main characters are all typical tragic figures. In addition to the external social and environmental factors, the anxiety resulted from the unbalanced personality is also one of the important reasons for their suffering and tragic lives. Therefore, this thesis attempts to probe into the characters’ inner world in light of Sigmund Freud’s theory of anxiety so as to see what inner conflicts and struggles they possess that finally lead them to their tragic destiny.
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Key Words: Wuthering Heights, Freud, realistic anxiety, moral anxiety, neurotic anxiety
摘要《呼啸山庄》是一个充满离奇、诡异的爱情悲剧。全文主要围绕着希思克利夫、凯瑟琳•恩肖和埃德加•林顿三人的爱情纠葛以及希思克利夫的复仇而展开。自出版以来,小说获得评论界极大的关注。许多学者从人物、道德歧视、社会观察等角度对该作品进行了广泛的研究。而本文作者认为,故事中三位主人翁都是典型的悲剧人物,除了外界环境因素外,自身人格的失衡给人物带来的焦虑也是导致其悲剧命运的重要因素之一。因此,本文试图以弗洛伊德有关焦虑的理论来分析三位主要人物的性格,从人格和焦虑的角度探究人物的内心世界和他们悲剧命运的根源。
关键词: 《呼啸山庄》,弗洛伊德,现实性焦虑,神经性焦虑,道德焦虑
CONTENTS
Acknowledgementsi
Abstractii
摘要..iii

1 Introduction.1
1.1 A Brief Introduction of Emily Brontë and Wuthering Heights ...1
1.2 A Brief Review of Wuthering Heights ......1

2 Introduction of Freud’s Theory of Personality and Anxiety.4
2.1 Freud’s Theory of Personality ..4
2.2 Freud’s Theory of Anxious 5    
3 Analysis of the Three Characters with Freud’s Theory.7
3.1 Heathcliff ..........7
3.2 Catherine Earnshaw ......9
3.3 Edgar Linton .........12

5 Conclusion    .14

Bibliography15
1 Introduction
Emily Brontë is one of the three prestigious Brontë sisters and is taken by many as the most talented one among the three. She is a novelist as well as a poet and created about two hundred poems during her life time. However, she is best known as the author of her only novel, Wuthering Heights, which is now considered a classic of English literature. For more than a century, the work blows readers’ mind with stirring passion, devastating beauty and desperate romance. It also attracts many critics’ attention and causes critical pergence. Therefore, it’s worthwhile to study the work and the life of its author carefully and review the related critical opinions on it. 焦虑理论分析《呼啸山庄》主要人物性格:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20190406/31780.html
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