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弗洛伊德人格理论视角下解读爱伦•坡的心理小说

时间:2019-05-05 21:25来源:英语论文
The Lost Superego—An Analytical Study of Poe’s Psychological Tales Under Freud’s Personality Theory,英语论文弗洛伊德人格理论视角下解读爱伦•坡的心理小说

Acknowledgments  My writing of this thesis has smoothly come to an end, and I hereby would like to extend my sincere gratitude to the following people for their selfless dedication and contribution to my thesis. 35198
My profound gratitude first goes to Associate Prof., my supervisor, for her constant guidance and encouragement in the process of my writing. She offered me considerable and constructive advice, practical and profound suggestions on the completion of my paper. Just under her careful and patient guidance, I begin to get a clear idea of the paper and fully frame it out.  Without her support and help, the completion of the present thesis is impossible.
I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to the teachers who have ever taught me throughout my college years, especially Cheng Qinghua, my British and American Culture course teacher. His profound knowledge of western cultures led me into the world of culture, and also inspired me to make efforts in English learning. I am also very grateful to all other teachers of the School of Foreign Languages who gave me direct or indirect help during my study in the college.
I am also grateful to my classmates and roommates for their encouragement, support, comments and wise advice.
Last, I wish to devote this paper to my parents for their everlasting dedication that they have shown since I was just a little child.
Abstract
Edgar Allan Poe, an outstanding writer of American Romanticism, writes different kinds of stories. Among these stories, psychological tales have been gaining in popularity of his grotesque and eerie style and also of his theme of killing, death, revenge. In his time, the mainstream of America literature is encouraging and optimistic writing style. However, his mysterious writing style tends to expose the darkest side of human psyche. There is no doubt that he has a special obsession with the human mind 
By writing an academic paper on the analysis of the Poe’s psychological tales under the Freud’s personality theory, the paper tries to offer a little knowledge of imbalance between id and superego to the general readers. This paper not only probes the inner world of the protagonists in Poe’s stories, but may also enlighten modern people to find the good balance between id and superego in life.

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The paper falls into six parts. The first part serves as an introduction. The second part aims at the theoretical base by Freud’s Personality Theory. The third part exposes the character’s behaviors in Poe’s psychological tales in terms of the Personality Theory. The fourth part probes into the causes of the lost of superego in the tales. The fifth part give’s a deep-going analysis of Poe’s writing strategy related to his own life. The sixth part functions as a conclusion.
Key Words: Allan Poe, personality theory, psychological tales
摘要埃德加•爱伦•坡是一名著名的美国浪漫主义作家,一生写了许多不同风格的作品。在这些作品中,最受欢迎的是那些用哥特式、怪诞手法写出来的杀戮、死亡、复仇为主题的作品。在他那个年代,美国文学的主流作品主题大多是积极向上的。然而他带有神秘的写作手法容易揭露人心中黑暗的一面。 毫无疑问,爱伦•坡本人对人心有种特殊的痴迷。
本论文从弗洛伊德人格理论视角解读了爱伦坡的心理小说,同时给予读者一些关于本我与超我矛盾冲突的启示。本论文不仅探索了爱伦坡小说中主人公们的内心世界,还为现代人在现实生活中寻找本我与超我的平衡处提供了帮助。
本篇论文共分为六部分。第一部分是引言。第二部分阐述了弗洛伊德的人格理论。第三部分根据人格理论剖析爱伦坡心理小说中的人物行为。第四部分探究小说中人物超我迷失的原因。第五部分深入研究爱伦坡的写作手法与他本人现实生活的联系。第六部分是结论。 弗洛伊德人格理论视角下解读爱伦•坡的心理小说:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20190505/33044.html
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