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《老人与海》的圣经阐释

时间:2019-09-10 12:44来源:英语论文
A Biblical Analysis of The Old Man and the Sea,英语论文《老人与海》的圣经阐释

摘 要海明威的代表作《老人与海》讲述了一位名叫圣地亚哥的老渔夫独自在海上与大马林鱼和鲨鱼搏斗三天三夜并最终赢获得胜利的故事。这部著作描述了一位“硬汉英雄”和一种“可以被摧毁但不能被打败”的精神,给读者以战胜挫折的勇气。本文运用解读法以及文本分析法对《老人与海》中的意象和主旨进行《圣经》阐释。本论文不仅能够帮助读者更好地理解《老人与海》这部作品,而且还能够拓宽他们的视野,让他们领略《圣经》对西方文化的重大影响。40669
毕业论文关键词:意象;主旨;《圣经》阐释
Abstract The Old Man and the Sea is Hemingway’s masterpiece. It tells a simple story of an old fisherman Santiago, who fights alone with the huge marlin and fierce sharks on the sea for 3 days and 3 nights. This famous story gives readers the courage to overcome difficulties by describing a “code hero” Santiago and a spirit of “a man can be destroyed but not defeated.” This paper will carry out a biblical analysis of the images and themes in The Old Man and the Sea by adopting close reading and text analysis methods to expose the close relationship between The Old Man and the Sea and the Holy Bible. The thesis not only can help readers have a better understanding of Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea, but also can widen their horizons, allowing them experience the huge influence of the Holy Bible to western culture.
Key words: images; themes; biblical analysis
A Biblical Analysis of The Old Man and the Sea
Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. The Holy Bible and The Old Man and the Sea    2
2.1 The Holy Bible and Ernest Hemingway    2
2.2 The Holy Bible and The Old Man and the Sea    4

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III. Biblical Images in The Old Man and the Sea    5
3.1 The Biblical Analysis of Santiago:The Avatar of Disciple    5
3.2 The Biblical Analysis of Little Boy Manolin    8
3.3 The Biblical Analysis of Other Images    9
IV. Biblical Themes in The Old Man and the Sea    11
4.1 Redemption    11
4.2 Realization of Self-Redemption    12
V. Conclusion    12
Bibliography    14
Acknowledgments    15
I. Introduction

The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway’s masterpiece, was published in 1952, and won Hemingway the Nobel Prize in 1954. The novella tells a simple story of a broken old man Santiago alone ventures far out into the Gulf Stream and there catches the biggest marlin ever seen in those waters. Then alone and exhausted by his struggle to harpoon the giant fish, he is forced into a losing battle with marauding sharks, which leave him nothing but the skeleton of his catch. Finally, when he returns home with the skeleton, he wins respect of everyone. Through the description of the struggle among the old fisherman, the big marlin and the sharks, Santiago’s strong willpower in the face of adversity gets fully exposed. Hemingway gets many inspiration from the Holy Bible when creating his masterpiece.
As is known to all, the Holy Bible is not only the religious canon of Christianity but also a very important part of western culture. It exerts significant impacts to western civilization and literature. So if readers want to understand classics completely, they need to read the Holy Bible first. Almost all of western authors are affected by Holy Bible deeply, so is Hemingway and his The Old Man and the Sea. In the novella The Old Man and the Sea, readers can realize Hemingway’s religions complex and the great effects of the Holy Bible, which find expression not only in specific images but also in the moral aspect. Many scholars abroad and at home shows strong interest in this work, and they talk about the “code hero”, “nothingness thoughts”, “tragic consciousness” and his “iceberg theory”. And some have noticed the relationship between The Old Man and the Sea and the Holy Bible. Bert Bender’ essay Natural History in Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea and Other Works aims at analyzing how Hemingway, in his important work such as The Old Man and the Sea, explores the inherent violence in sexual selection and the elemental need to kill and eat, often indicating how these biological imperatives undercut both idealized sexual “love” and belief in the Christian God (128). In China, Gao Yan’s study Brief Analysis of Biblical Style in The Old Man and the Sea, carries out a specific biblical study on the theme, word, language structure and writing techniques of The Old Man and the Sea (127). 《老人与海》的圣经阐释:http://www.lwfree.cn/yingyu/20190910/39081.html
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