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江苏省家畜日本血吸虫病调查及分析

时间:2019-08-04 11:24来源:毕业论文
选取了江苏省内某地区进行调研。用DDIA、IHA合ELISA方法共检测1171位居民,阳性率分别为2.48 %、3.93 %和28.86 %。另外,调查流动人口57人,阳性率为12.28%;剖检钉螺3925只

摘要:血吸虫病是一种严重危害人类健康和社会经济发展的人畜共患寄生虫病。江苏省地处长江流域,境内有多个湖泊,是血吸虫病的重灾区。因此,我们选取了江苏省内某地区进行调研。用DDIA、IHA合ELISA方法共检测1171位居民,阳性率分别为2.48 %、3.93 %和28.86 %。另外,调查流动人口57人,阳性率为12.28%;剖检钉螺3925只,阳性率0.23 %;抽检72份羊粪,阳性率为0;调查部分输入性钉螺、野粪以及哨鼠均未发现血吸虫感染。实验调查结果显示,江苏省内血吸虫的防治主要以药物灭螺为主,未来应该进一步加强对家畜等传染源的控制,加强血防教育,疫情监测,并与周边地区实行联防联控。血防工作是整个社会经济、生态、文明发展的综合性工程,应采取综合防控措施,并需要政府行政主导和资金投入作为保障。37977
毕业论文关键词: 血吸虫病;家畜;疫情控制;社会问题
Investigation and Analysis of Livestock Schistosomiasis in     Jiangsu Province
Abstract:Schistosomiasis is a zoonotic parasitic disease that greatly impacts human health and socio-economic development. Jiangsu Province, which is located in the Yangtze River Basin with a large number of lakes, is a major disaster area of schistosomiasis. Therefore, the schistosomiasis prevalence of some areas in Jiangsu Province was investigated in this study. 1171 residents were tested, and the positive rate of DDIA IHA and ELISA were 2.48%, 3.93% and 28.86%, respectively. In addition, 57 migrants were investigated and the positive rate was 12.28%. 3925 snails were dissected and the positive rate was 0.23%. 72 sheep stool samples were tested as well and none was positive. Among tested imported snails, field feces, and sentinel mice, no schistosomiasis infection was found.  These results indicated that to prevent and control schistosoma in Jiangsu Province, other than using drugs to eliminate snail hosts, it is necessary to strengthen the control of livestock source, education in schistosomiasis prevention and survaillance, and joint prevention and control of surrounding areas. The work on controlling schistosomiasis should be considered as a comprehensive project with the development of the whole social economy, ecology and civilization by taking a comprehensive technical prevention and control measures which will depend on government supporting and financial investments. 源-自*六'维:论.文]网[www.lwfree.cn
Key words: Schistosomiasis;Zoonotic;Epidemic control;Social Issues
目录
摘要1
关键词1
Abstract1
Key words2
引言2
1 目的与方法3
1.1 评估目的 3
1.1 评估方法 4
1.2.1 本地居民及家畜感染情况调查4
1.2.2 流动人口感染情况调查4
1.2.3 钉螺调查4
1.2.4 饲料螺蛳输入性钉螺调查4
2 结果与分析4
2.1 该地区血吸虫病流行历史及风险概况 4
2.2 防治工作开展情况5
2.2.1加强螺情控制5
2.2.2加强病情控制5
2.2.3加强血防教育5
2.2.4加强联防联控5
2.2.5加强螺蛳市场输入性钉螺监测6
2.3现场评估结果6
2.3.1居民感染情况调查6
2.3.2家畜感染情况调查6  
2.3.3流动人口感染情况调查6
2.3.4钉螺调查6
2.3.5饲料螺蛳中输入性钉螺调查6
2.4 结论7
3 讨论7
3.1 结论分析7
3.1.1人群感染率可能被低估7
3.1.2钉螺难以得到有效控制7
3.1.3传染源控制仍是主要难点7
3.2 存在困难8
3.3 工作建议8
3.3.1加大家畜等传染源的管理和防治力度8
3.3.2突出重点,加大钉螺控制力度8
3.3.3注重长效,提高疫情监测水平8
3.3.4加强机构能力建设,保证血吸虫病防治工作质量8
3.3.5加强苏皖相邻流域血防联防联控工作8
致谢...........9 江苏省家畜日本血吸虫病调查及分析:http://www.lwfree.cn/yixue/20190804/36873.html
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